This week’s fresh listings (scroll down):

 

This page is to be updated every Tuesday and will contain all the latest Coin, Medal & Token listings for that particular week.

 

Additions to www.HistoryInCoins.com for week commencing Tuesday 16th November 2021

 

 

Previous Weeks’ Listings (scroll down this page for “This Week’s Listings”):

 

 

WMH-7241:  Stephen Norman Period Hammered Silver Penny.  An unrecorded and important B.M.C.1, Cross MolineWatford” type Exeter mint penny demonstrating a previously unknown continuation of the mint beyond Henry 1st.  Obv: [ST]IE[FNE REX], rev: +GRIM[R?:ON:EAX]NC:  Spink 1278.  There are no GRIM moneyers recorded for Stephen, at any mint, either in North or the EMC & SCBI database, across the entirety of Stephen's reign.  The only moneyers of that name, in any of the Norman reigns, are GRIMR at Chester under William 1st (not recorded in North) and GRIMR at Exeter under William 1st (recorded in North).  There are a grand total of x3 Norman coins recorded on the EMC & SCBI database as being struck by Grim (only x1 if you rely on North).  The EMC & SCBI Henry 1st Grim / Exeter coin was the only mint that the moneyer GRIM / GRIMR was working at during Henry 1st.  Further, Grim was moneyer ONLY for the B.M.C. 15 issue of 1125-35.  The coin on offer here is Stephen's B.M.C. 1 issue of 1136-45.  If we examine the evidence of the Exeter mint at that time, we find that William 1st besieged the town in 1067 and a castle was erected, as was the way of the Normans. Baldwin de Redvers successfully held the castle against Stephen in 1135, very early on during the Anarchy, but surrendered it to him a year later in 1136.  This is a completely unrecorded instance of GRIM as moneyer for the mint town of Exeter, under Stephen.  It would be a fair assumption that this coin was struck extremely early on at Exeter during the reign of Stephen, perhaps 1136 when Stephen took possession of the mint, or possibly 1137, after which, Grim was a moneyer at Exeter (or anywhere else for that matter) no more.  The mint was then evidently shut down until Henry II, son of the Empress Matilda, issued his coinage in 1158.  An important and clearly rare coin.  £1,075

 

WMH-7242:  Edward 1st Period Penny but Henry III Posthumous Issue, struck in Henry’s name.  Struck between 1272 and 1279 so very much during the reign of Edward 1st.  It is strange that Edward 1st, who was well into his 30’s when he inherited the throne, had to wait seven years to see his “New Coinage” enter circulation.  There were three posthumous issues, non of which were a patch on the 1279 New Coinage, and were further limited to three mints only, and realistically only the Bury St Edmond’s mint as London and Durham are rare.  This coin is Class 6, ION of Bury St Edmonds, crude dies.  Spink 1377.  Ex Colchester Hoard coin.  £135

 

WMH-7243:  Edward III Hammered Silver Penny.  Treaty Period issue of London.  1361-69, Spink 1625.  A high grade, delightful coin.  £175

 

WMH-7244:  Henry III Hammered Silver Irish Penny.  Type IIa, RICARD.ON.DIVE – Dublin mint.  Spink 6240.  A very long reign but actually a remarkably short issue because the Dublin mint started to issue coinage in 1251 and then in 1253-54, the Dublin mint was closed.  You would imagine that Irish coinage would be for Irish consumption but unusually, large quantities of the Dublin coinage (and Dublin was the only mint in operation under Henry III) were exported to England and the Continent.  The famous Brussel’s Hoard of 1908 contained a huge 1,600 of these pieces.  This coin would win no beauty contest but it should be acknowledged that these dies were course in nature.  £125

 

WTH-7245:  1564 Elizabeth 1st Milled or Machine Screw-Pressed Silver Sixpence.  Eloye Mestrelle, a Frenchman, was brought in by the mint to produce “…exceedingly fine workmanship” coins using his screw-press method.  The power to “press” the coinage was derived from a horse drawn mill, which is why these coins are sometimes referred to as Mill Money.  85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental coins – the process was incredibly slow compared to the usual striking by hand so relatively few were issued overall – were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% of an already small pot for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.  Thus ANY other date is rare.  Interestingly, Eloye Mestrelle was dismissed from the mint in 1572 and just six years later, he was executed (hanged) for counterfeiting.  Spink 2598.  Iridescent toning, bent and flattened (these coins were so unusual and therefore suspect to the Elizabethan public that they often bit and bent them to test the silver content) with associated marks.  Sold with an information slip and a cabinet ticket.  £345

 

WJC-7246:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Penny.  A high grade Gp.D, fourth bust, type 3.2 penny with initial mark x2 pellets.  Spink 2845.  Sold with tow tickets, the older of which states “Thors Hoard”.  £145

 

WMH-7235:  Richard III Hammered Silver Medieval Groat.  Initial mark Sun & Rose 2, type 3, London mint.  Very clear regnal name, Spink 2157.  Richard III was the last of the medieval monarchs, losing to Henry Tudor on Bosworth Field, or as is now the current thinking, on a field a few short miles from that famous location.  He was an unsavoury character and as most of you will be aware through all the worldwide media coverage, his body was recently discovered in a Leicestershire car park.  Rare.  £1,725

 

WMH-7236:  Edward II Hammered Silver Long Cross Penny.  Class 15, dated to 1319-27.  Bury St Edmonds mint, Spink 1465.  An unusually strong portrait for this mint / class combination.  The coin is not coloured golden as the image suggests.  It’s lightly toned and better in the hand.  £95

 

WMH-7237:  Henry VI Hammered Silver Long Cross Round Halfpenny.  Annulet issue of 1422-30, Calais mint.  The town of Calais in what is now Northern France was under English rule from 1347 until 7 January 1558, being a bit of a vanity statement for the English monarchs in their claim on the French crown. It cost almost 1/5th of all the revenue collected in England to maintain Calais as an English possession.  The mint closed in 1440 after really only producing limited coinage under Edward III, a tiny amount of gold under Richard II and Henry IV, a miniscule quantity of farthings under Henry V and some of the earlier coinage of Henry VI.  Spink 1849.  A very nice coin.  £75

 

WMH-7238:  Henry VI Hammered Silver Long Cross Round Halfpenny.  Pinecone-Mascle issue of 1431-32/3, London mint.  Spink 1849.  An exceptional coin.  £125

 

WTH-7239:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine, third and fourth issues, Spink 2566.  High grade.  £155

 

WSC-7240:  James III Scottish Hammered Crux Pellit Copper “Three-Penny Penny”.  Formally regarded as an Ecclesiastical “Crossraguel” issue of Bishop Kennedy.  Spink 5311.  If you’re interested, the Scottish had a penchant for naming coins from the actual coin legends (the Nonsunt under Mary springs to mind) and this is no exception.  James III was an interesting individual.  Crowned aged 9, the Scots lost Berwick to keep the peace with England but gained Orkney and the Shetland Isles as a part dowry (which makes you wonder what the other part of the dowry was!) when James married Margaret of Denmark (she was just 13).  James III was so unpopular due to his lifestyle and blind insistence upon a policy of pursuing an alliance with the Kingdom of England that he was, perhaps inevitably, murdered after his defeat at Sauchieburn.  Struck on a generous flan and high grade.  This is a choice coin for issue, being better (and by some margin) than the Spink plate coin.  £425

 

WMH-7224:  Stephen Norman Period Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C.1, Cross MolineWatford” type, 1136-35, bust right holding sceptre.  +GLA[DPI]N[E:]ON:LI – Lincoln mint.  Spink 1278.  Mack reference 21b VAR with the VAR meaning that moneyer GLADWINE is only recoded as having the mint signature NICO for Lincoln.  Ex Williams, ex Trenerry.  Image here showing old tickets.  At the risk of contradicting Williams, ex Trenerry, I’d suggest the mint reading is LI and not NI.  Either way, it is still an unrecorded mint signature.  Good provenance and an excellent portrait with most legends visible.  £595

 

WMH-7222:  Henry IV Hammered Silver Penny.  Light Coinage issue of 1412-13 only.  [+hENR]ICVS RE[X ANGLIE] legend with excellent portrait showing the typical Henry IV bush hair as well as the clear trefoil on the breast with pellet terminals and a partial missing foot as the trefoil has slipped.  Durham mint - [CIVI] TA[S] DVn OL[M].  0.88 grams, 17mm.  Lord Stewartby states that whilst production of gold throughout the reign of Richard II remained constant, silver was somewhat erratic and far from prolific – silver coins headed for the Continent in huge numbers as silver was worth more there than in the UK.  Under Henry IV it was far more of an issue.  Of the meagre coinage left, what you tend to see of Henry IV coinage (if you’re lucky enough to see any at all!) is coinage worn and clipped to within an inch of its life.  Enough legend remains on this coin to make it unambiguously Henry IV, Durham.  This is one of the best grade Henry IV pennies I have seen.  I was following a Henry IV penny, in similar grade, in a recent London auction.  Whilst the estimate was a come and get me (approximate) £400-£500, the hammer was more than the full asking price on this coin, and that was BEFORE the 25-30% buyer’s commission that auction houses currently charge.  This coin is definitely the best example of a Henry IV penny that I have ever offered for sale.  A very rare coin, particularly so in this grade.  £1,175

 

WSC-7220:  David 1st  Hammered Silver Phase A Penny.  Struck 1136 up until the very early 1140’s.  1.09g, 10h.  Cross Moline type in David’s name: (+D)AVID RE, so literally the very first Scottish coin struck with a Scottish monarch’s name.  Spink 5003.  Struck Edinburgh with Erebald as the moneyer: (+)EREBALD (---).  Listed in THE SYLLOGE OF COINS OF THE BRITISH ISLES 35: SCOTTISH COINS as #1 – the very first coin in the book.  The sylloge is made up of the Ashmolean & Hunterian museum collections, those being the main public resource for Scottish coinage.  The Ashmolean has only two Phase A examples (their #1 the same dies as this coin); the Hunterian Museum has none.  The National Museum Edinburgh (see CATALOGUE OF SCOTTISH COINS  IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM EDINBUGH) has no David 1st coins earlier than Phase C.  Sold with these old auction tickets / cabinet labels.  Reverse off-struck, some slight porosity and about VF for issue.  The last Spink 5003 I saw go through auction was the William’s example, sold through Spink 2018.  That coin was lacking in legends and still achieved £7,500 including buyer’s commission.  The only other 5003 I recall seeing was getting on for ten years ago with a hammer of around £12,800 after buyer’s commission.  This is an excessively rare and very important coin.  £6,995

 

WMH-7219:  Henry 1st  Hammered Silver Round Halfpenny – the best known “Top Pop” example.  Obverse: facing uncrowned head of Henry 1st, hair made up of nine fleur-like ringlets, inner beaded circle with legend surrounding: +HENRIC REX, initial mark cross.  Reverse: +hASLAC ON LIN – Aslakr (moneyer) of Lincoln, central cross potent with groups of pellets in angles.  The very first recorded example of the moneyer for this issue.  Good find patina, official edge snick.  Extremely well struck on a full, large flan and grade good VF.  The legends (obv & rev) are excellent – an interesting aspect of this coin is the use of a capital H in HENRIC.  Accompanying tickets here.  This coin was found near Lincoln 2018 and is fully recorded on the EMC database (2021.0111).  North 872, Spink 1277.  There are approximately twenty two examples of round Henry 1st halfpennies recorded around the world with around half either in museums or fragmentary.  This is the best grade example of all recorded examples, both private or institutional collections – there is no better.  Choice. 

 

The round Halfpenny denomination of King Henry 1st initially came to light only 71 years ago, when respected professional numismatist Peter Seaby exhibited a coin of Winchester by the moneyer Godwine A at the British Numismatic Society on 1 March 1950 (North pl.16, 36 and Spink Standard Catalogue, p.135, coin now in the Fitzwilliam Museum). It took until 1989 for four more halfpence to emerge: SandwichÆthelbold (reverse struck from a type IX Penny die - now in Fitzwilliam Museum), and HerefordAilred (now in British Museum), both found together in spoil from Thames Exchange; Norwich(?),Thot, found in Norfolk (now in Fitzwilliam Museum); and York, Othbeorn, found near Newbury.  Other mints and moneyers discovered since include examples of Oxford, ÆgelnothWallingford, Osulf; and Wilton, Ailward (all in Fitzwilliam Museum); another Sandwich, Æthelbold, of regular type, found at Little Mongeham, Kent, September 1992; Winchester, Wimund, ex Baldwin Auction 7, 2nd May 1996, lot 517 and now also in the Fitzwilliam Museum; Lincoln, uncertain moneyer (only half a coin), found Newark 2004 and more recently another LincolnAslakr, an unrecorded moneyer for type (obviously, seeing as how it’s the only extant Lincoln round halfpenny!) being probably the best known example of all 22 known coins, with provenance as “found near Lincoln 2018”; Norwich, Thorstein, found Sutton Bridge 2009 (currently for sale in the US at $15,000); York, Forni, found north east Lincolnshire 2009; London, ---DRED, a fragmentary coin found Kent 2013; London, Thorreaed, found Tilbury 2014; Canterbury, Winedaeg, found Wherwell - pierced in three places; as well as three uncertain pieces.  To summarise there are approximately twenty two examples recorded with around half either in museums or fragmentary.  £10,950

 

WSC-7208:  James III Hammered Silver Scottish Groat.  The best known example by grade.  The main issue of 1484-88, struck Edinburgh: bust half-left with arched crown.  Annulet on inner circle before bust.  25mm, 2.87 grams.  Found Aberdeen “Some time ago”, ex Alan Hunter collection via a German auction.  Chipped (looks very old) at 6 and 8 o’clock and an unprecedented high grade.  Likely to be the very best portrait known and as collectors will be aware, these coins simply don’t turn up in anything more than fine grade at best.  Choice.  £3,995

 

                                                                                                                                                                      


This Week’s Listings

 

 

WMH-7247:  Edward III Medieval Hammered Silver Penny – a rarer “Mule”.  Long Cross Penny, London mint, Pre-Treaty period.  A Class C obverse (reverse barred Roman N, c.1351) muled with a Class A reverse (lombardic n's, c,1351-2).  Spink 1584/1583.  An unusually high grade example of the Pre-Treaty penny.  Rare on both counts.  £225

 

WTH-7248:  1570 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence – a very rare date / im combination.  Initial mark Crown or Coronet, third & fourth issues, the intermediate bust 4b with the ear showing, Spink 2562.  This particular initial mark was relatively long-lived, being introduced 1st July 1567 and shelved 28th February 1570.  However, 1570 coins were struck with initial mark Coronet for just two months.  It is documented that “…1570 Coronet coins should not have been introduced until after the mark closed at the end of February 1570.”  Further, this has nothing to do with calendar changes and the introduction of the Gregorian calendar as this happened after this coin was issued.  Nice grade and very rare.  £385

 

WTH-7249:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine, third & fourth issues, regular bust, Spink 2566.  This particular initial mark was relatively long-lived, being introduced 29th May 1574 and shelved 13th July 1578.  However, 1575 dated coins are represented by a single die only.  This is most surprising until we realise that there were actually plenty of 1575 dies sunk, but they were not used in 1575.  There is a 1575/4, which I only mention for context.  The bulk of the 1575 unused reverse dies were: 1576/5, 1577/5, 1577/6/5, 1578/7/5.  An unusually high grade example and a rare date / im combination.  Rare on both counts.  £235

 

WJC-7250:  1606 James 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Escallop, fourth bust, Spink 2658.  A rarer date in this most interesting series but much more importantly, this is a high grade coin in a usually poorly struck / much worn issue.  Easily the best example I’ve handled, of any date.  Toned, VF.  Ex Lamplass collection, ex CNG auction 2017 - sold with an information slip and cabinet ticket.  Choice.  £575

 

WJC-7251:  1621-23 James 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Initial mark Thistle, third issue, sixth bust, Spink 2668.  On the face of it, this is a particularly average and uninteresting coin.  However, if we dig a little deeper, that sentence couldn’t be more wrong!  The coin is centrally pierced - you can even see the coin was punched on the reverse as the obverse is worn around the slightly raised piercing.  In 1662, milled silver crowns were introduced into circulation, with other silver and gold coinage introduced shortly afterwards.  It was the death of hammered coinage.  However, we’d had hundreds of years of hammered coinage with no official withdrawal (apart from Commonwealth coinage in 1660) since 1558, and even that was primarily to remove the debased coinage of Henry VIII and Edward VI. Thus at the introduction of milled coinage, the obvious problem for the mint was the huge quantity of hammered coinage still in circulation.  They allowed both hammered and milled to circulate for a few years, whilst the population got used to the latter.  In 1696, under William III, some 30 years after the introduction of milled, there was a “Great Re-coinage” at the mint.  Incidentally, from 1696 until his death in 1727, Isaac Newton was first Warden and then Master of the Mint.  It was decided, by decree, that all hammered coinage (including forged coins, which made up 10% of all circulating currency) was to be collected by the mint and assessed.  Anything that was counterfeit, clipped, worn, damaged etc was to be retained by the mint with the individual recipients being reimbursed by weight, not face value.  This was not popular as nearly all submitted coinage was, by definition, not going to be worth face value by weight.  We even know the rate used: five shillings and eight pence an ounce.  Any good hammered coinage was allowed a further stay of execution and was marked so by centrally punching a small hole.  This shilling is one of those coins.  Genuine Great Re-coinage coins are incredibly rare today.  The recent Spink auction had a small handful of Great Re-coinage coins up for sale.  I bid heavily on all of them and didn’t manage to secure a single coin.  A very rare and numismatically interesting coin.  £365

 

WSC-7252:  1559 HIGH GRADE Mary (with Francis) Scottish Hammered Silver Twelvepenny Groat or Nonsunt.  A rarer two year issue of half alloy that is rarely seen these days.  Crowned right-facing dolphin.  Spink 5447.  The term “Nonsunt” was derived from the reverse legend.  Bearing in mind this issue is half alloy, this particular coin is exceptional in grade, being arguably better than the Spink plate coin – the very best example they could source from all the contacts they have throughout the word.  £595