This week’s fresh listings (scroll down):

 

This page is to be updated every Tuesday and will contain all the latest Coin, Medal & Token listings for that particular week.

 

Additions to www.HistoryInCoins.com for week commencing Tuesday 6th December 2022

 

 

Previous Weeks’ Listings (scroll down this page for “This Week’s Listings”):

 

WMH-7613:  Norman ANGEVIN PARTY Hammered Silver Halfpenny – Henry of Anjou.  **A coin of major historical significance**  Struck under the Empress Matilda’s Angevin Party circa 1142-47 using an exceptionally well crafted pair of dies: the obverse has Henry of Anjou facing right; crowned, whilst the reverse is based on the Henry 1st final type 15 Quadrilateral on Cross Fleury type although the Cross Fleury is more a Cross Pellet.  Obverse: HEN[RICVS], reverse: +RAO[---ON---]IGE.  This reverse is the reading taken directly from the EMC / SCBI entry (EMC 2019.0360) – see here.  I would suggest that the mint is, in fact, Gloucester – Mack 247 is a type 3 example of this coin with a mint signature GLOE and GLO could possibly be this reading.  Recorded mints for Henry of Anjou, this type, are Hereford, Gloucester, “CRST” and “CAO[--]”.  I’m at a loss as to where EMC derives Wallingford from, other than Wallingford was a beleagured garrison which sent for Henry, from his home in France, in 1153, a date way in advance of this coin.  If the reader is interested, all recorded Angevin mints are: Bristol, Gloucester, Sherbourne(?), Hereford, Malmesbury, and “Uncertain” - Cirencester?  The moneyer on this coin (given by EMC as RADVLF, RAVLF or RAVL) is a previously unrecorded moneyer; Gloucester Henry of Anjou was only ROBERT prior to this coin.  Mack 248-53, Spink 1329, North 940/2.  Empress Matilda’s eldest son, Henry of Anjou, Lived in France.  He came to England in 1147, aged 14, and 1149.  The former was to do battle at Pevensey (he attacked Cricklade & Bourton but both were abject failures and to make a bad day at the office worse, his men deserted him), the latter was to be knighted by his great uncle, David 1st of Scotland, at Carlisle.  In between times, he was fully occupied in fighting a war against Louis VII, briefly taking time out to marry Eleanor of Aquitaine, the former wife of Louis VII.  Interesting times.  The chronology of coinage is as follows: Empress Matilda coinage in hr name, 1139-42.  Henry of Anjou very much replaced his mother on coinage from 1142 with the profile types lasting until the death of Earl Robert in 1147, after which Henry of Anjou adopted a front facing style to match the Stephen regular type 2 coinage (voided cross & stars, 1145-50).  Post 1147, the fortunes of the Angevin Party were at a low ebb and very little, if any, coinage was issued.  A point of interest on this coin is the unusual placement of the regnal name, starting about 10 o’clock.  Cut coins were very much done so at the mint, not in the field, obviously to generate small change where no round fractional coins existed.  This was the case right through until the practise all but ceased under Edward 1st.  It is extremely interesting to note that this cut half has virtually 100% of the bust of Henry of Anjou remaining.  Once the civil war was over and Henry II was enthroned (Henry II was Henry of Anjou), the mint had little consideration as to whether the king’s head was or was not on a cut half – indeed it is thought that of the miniscule quantity of coinage put aside for “cutting” at the mint post civil war, BOTH sides of individual whole coins were released into circulation as halfpence.  Prior to this, it was definitely NOT the case – only carefully selected coins, with Henry’s portrait favouring one side of the coin, were chosen and when cut, the side without the portrait was immediately put back in the melting pot.  This was to ensure that all coinage, even smaller denominations held by peasants, bore the rightful monarch’s portrait.  It was basically the forerunner to propaganda and advertising.  When you consider this, these cut halves represent a miniscule fraction of all struck coinage and then whatever that miniscule percentage was, it was immediately halved in size by only using one half of every cut coin.  An excessively rare and extraordinarily high grade example.  If this were a full coin, in this grade, it would be somewhat over £10,000; probably more as it’s an unrecorded moneyer.  It is common practice in Scandinavia to charge a straight 50% of the value of a full coin on all cut half coins, even English coins.  Don’t miss out on this one as there will be no repeat.  £3,375

 

WCJ-7614:  Mary Tudor Silver De Passe Medal or Counter.  Machine-pressed circa 1630.  Issued as part of a set of British monarchs from late Saxon through to Charles 1st.  Fine cast by Simon Van de Passe (died in 1647) to give the impression of engraving.  Examples of sets being sold at auction:  1) Christies South Kensington, 23.3.09, lot 166, sold for £5000, box + 26 counters, 2) Toovey's, 29.11.17, lot 410, sold for £7505 inc. premium, box + 32 counters.  The counters, in chronolgical order, are as follows Edward the Confessor (1042-1066), Harold (1066), William I (1066-1087), William II (1087-1100), Henry I (1100-1135), Stephen (1135-1154), Henry II (1154-1189), Richard I (1189-1199), John (1199-1216), Henry III (1216-1272), Edward I (1272-1307), Edward II (1307-1327), Edward III (1327-1377), Richard II (1377-1399), Henry IV (1399-1413), Henry V (1413-1422), (Henry VI counter missing), Edward IV (1461-1483), Edward V (1483-1483), Richard III (1483-1485), Henry VII (1485-1509), Henry VIII (1509-1547), Edward VI (1547-1553), Mary I (1553-1558), Elizabeth I (1558-1603), James I (1603-1625) and Charles I (1625-1649).  The remaining counters are: Henry, Prince of Wales, eldest son of James I (died in 1612). Elizabeth, Princess of the Palatine of the Rhine, Grandaughter of James I and eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine. Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, 1619-1620. Charles Louis, 2nd son of Frederick V. Philip II of Spain, husband to Queen Mary I. James, Duke of York, 2nd son of Charles I, was styled Duke of York from birth in 1633 and became James II in 1685. Charles, Prince, probably commemorating the birth of Charles I. The token reads "20th May 1630" but modern records say 29th May 1630. The discrepancy is probably due to whether the Julian or Gregorian calendar was used. Anne, wife of James I and generally known as Anne of Denmark.  This coin would definitely be Mary Tudor as opposed to Queen Mary I; Mary Tudor was the younger surviving daughter of Henry VII. She married King Louis XII of France and was sister to Henry VIII.  This example sold with the original sale’s ticket, priced at £125.  Tudor de Passe examples are eagerly sought after.  Rare.  £185

 

WSC-7615:  1619 James VI of Scotland Hammered Silver Six Shillings.  Tenth coinage, initial mark Thistle, Spink 5508.  One of the rarer dates (the Collection of the National Museum of Scotland - Sylloge 70 – contains only one example of this date) although none are easy, in any grade.  The National Museum of Scotland’s collection is about as bad in grade as this coin, but then most are.  It was a terrible issue, but an extremely rare issue.  Ex Chris Comber collection – Chris, a leading light in Tudor coinage, was one of the leading collectors of this issue as a diversion from his main passion.  I was fortunate enough to know him and even to supply him occasionally with coinage for his collection, including Scottish six shillings.  £265

 

WMH-7606:  Excessively rare Stephen Norman Kings (Struck under Prince Henry of Scotland) Hammered Silver Penny.  Cross MolineWatford” B.M.C. 1 type, circa 1136-45.  + [---] ON CAST – Newcastle mint.   1.33 grams, 20mm, 190 degree die rotation.  Struck in the 1140's under Prince Henry of Scotland when Newcastle, and much of the North East of England, was under Scottish rule – this is normally referenced by the see-saw “ownership” of Berwick-upon-Tweed.   Newcastle is one of the rarest Norman mint towns and when you couple that with the Scottish Prince Henry angle, not to mention the high grade, it elevates this coin higher still.  Even though the moneyer at the time was obliged by law to state his name on the coin, he effectively got around this by hitting the coin at an angle, thereby completely flattening his name.  There has been much speculation as to whether this practise was accidental or not but whatever the truth, if I were a moneyer in an area of conflict where the other side might easily regain power, I’d be doing my utmost to remain anonymous.  I seem to recall reading of a moneyer who had his hands chopped off in just this scenario.  The esteemed and highly respected Dr Martin Allen has the moneyer as IOCE.  My own opinion is that the moneyer is more likely to be WILLEM as the spacing just doesn’t fit IOCE.  Further, I personally do not believe that this coin is a die pair to EMC/SCBI NUMBER:1200.0165: note the differences of the reverse S of CAST and the obverse differences in the T of STIEFNE – the coin for sale here has the T looking more like a stylised lombardic Lis whilst the T on 1200.0165 looks very Roman.  I could be wrong but regardless, I’m certainly not wrong to raise the question and I’m sure Martin Allen would actively encourage debate.  All that aside, this is an interesting coin in its own right by the contrasting styles of lettering, obverse and reverse, although both the S’s are reversed, something I wouldn’t have expected.  An issue with a good percentage of recorded examples being from the famous Pretwich Hoard of 1971.  Six of all twelve recorded examples are cut coins or poor grade.  Very few examples are held in private hands with this coin being one of the best grade examples in that tiny cohort.  One of the best coins I’ve ever owned.  £3,775

 

WCom-7610:  1652 Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth Hammered Silver Sixpence.  A most interesting coin being 1652 over 1651, over 1649 in date.  Further, the 6 of the date appears to be a large 6 over a reversed smaller 6, which I believe is unrecorded.  Further still, the right hand stop at the initial mark Sun is a small pellet over a large pellet.  The detailed accompanying ticket, whilst mentioning none of this, does draw attention to the D of ENGLAND being re-entered and off to one side.  This at first glance appears to be simply double striking but it’s actually not - if you look closely, the bottom D has a bottom right curving serif whilst the uppermost D has a corresponding angular serif.  They are very different letter D’s.  Again, unrecorded to my knowledge.  1652 is the year where many more shillings and halfcrowns were issued compared to sixpences.  The coin itself has been bent twice in antiquity, as so many were (often done with the teeth to gauge silver content), and subsequently straightened out.  Attractively toned both sides.  As I initially said, a most interesting coin, not to mention grade.  £765

 

WI-7611:  Edward IV Rare Mint / Rare Type Irish Hammered Silver Penny.  Second reign, type 9 “Issues of the Ungoverned Mints”, circa 1470-77.  Limerick mint.  This issue immediately preceded the Suns & Roses coinage of 1479.  In this period, coinage was issued outside of the governance of the Pale (Irish: An Pháil) authorities, namely Limerick, Cork and Wexford.  The Pale was the parts of Ireland directly under the control of the English government in the Late Middle Ages.  This issue was brought about by the Desmond Rebellion (the Desmond Earldom stretched over much of Munster in southwest Ireland but also included Limerick, Cork and Wexford), mainly because the Earl, who had adopted certain Irish ways and customs, resented being told to be more English.  Of the three Earldoms (Kildare, Ormond, and Desmond), Desmond was the most remote from England’s control.  Clear rosettes by the neck (they are rosettes and not cinquefoils) and a clear mint signature.  Spink 6383, Burns L-23, which is a type 23 with only 8 recorded examples.  A very rare and historically significant coin.  £545

 

WTH-7593:  1601 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfcrown.  Seventh issue, Spink 2583.  The Edward VI crowns and halfcrowns – primarily just eye-catching big coins to promote Edward’s restoration of the sterling standard (after Henry VIII’s escapades) in 1551 – didn’t really take off.  The German thaler, which was introduced actually before Elizabeth 1st was even born, and the Spanish dollar or piece of eight, was brought to the attention of the English mint towards the very end of the reign as a bullion coin for use with the East India Company.  Prior to 1600, the company had used foreign coinage and then the testern or Portcullis pieces for transportation of bullion, neither of which were well received by the monarchy, particularly the latter as it did not bear the queen’s portrait.  The large flans of these new crowns and halfcrowns were ideal for the engraver Charles Anthony to display his ionic portrait which pleased the queen enormously compared to the non portrait testerns.  This was either luck or great foresight as within 50 years, the halfcrown was the principle circulating coin in the English economy!  Extra image here using just a camera phone but still in poor artificial light as there isn’t much natural daylight outside right now!  An interesting die variation with the sceptre pointing to the I of REGINA as opposed to the usual G.  £2,995

 

WCom-7585:  1658 Oliver Cromwell Milled Silver Shilling.  A single year issue; authorised by Cromwell in 1656, issued for circulation just prior to Cromwell’s death on 3rd September 1658.  It’s the halfcrown that has an earlier 1656 date as well as 1658.  Thomas Simon dies on Pierre Blondeau presses.  A remarkably small amount of silver was put aside for these milled coins, bearing in mind it was Crowns, halfcrowns, shillings and a few sixpences all out of the same bullion.  You’ve only got to look at the pitifully small amounts of 1657 - 1660 hammered silver issued to realise that the country was virtually bankrupt at this point.  A very rare coin.  £2,245

 

 


This Week’s Listings:

 

 

WMH-7616:  Edward IV Medieval Hammered Silver Penny.  First reign, heavy coinage, Durham mint, local dies, initial mark Plain Cross, 1461-62, Spink 1988A.  Remarkably good grade for this poor issue and amazingly, full flan.  I’ve never seen better in the hand.  £225 RESERVED

 

WAu-7617:  James 1st Hammered Gold Thistle Crown.  Second coinage, rarer initial mark overdate: obverse initial mark Cinquefoil (1613-15) over Trefoil (1613); reverse initial mark Cinquefoil (1613-15).  2.01g, 12h.  Spink 2628.  Purchased from Patrick Finn’s list # 14 (1998) and remaining in that collection until November 2022 – see tickets.  Very nice grade and excellent provenance.  £1,095 RESERVED

 

WSC-7618:  Alexander II (2nd) Hammered Silver Voided Short Cross Penny.  Phase C, circa 1230-35: coinage in the name of Alexander’s father, William the Lion: +: WILELMVS REX.  For some reason, possibly because Alexander II was very busy with insurrection, invasions and intrigue throughout his reign, coinage retained William’s name for some twenty years, although the portraits were Alexander II.  Joint moneyers working out of Roxburgh: PERIS ADAM ON RO. 1.36g, 7h.  Holmes & Lord Stewartby SCBI 81 var, B 6b var, Spink 5034.  Rare coin.  £745

 

WSC-7619:  Robert The Bruce Hammered Silver Medieval Penny.  Robert 1st, 1306-29.  Crowned head left, sceptre before, beaded circles and legend surrounding, +:ROBERTVS: DEI: GRA:, rev. long cross pattee, pierced mullet of five points in each quarter, beaded circles +SCO TOR Vm R EX, weight 1.35g (Burns 1, figure 225; Spink5076).  One of two star coins in the 2009 Drayton Hoard (the other was also a Robert Bruce that was sold through HistoryInCoins 9-6-22 for £2,200) – over a kilo of predominantly English medieval pennies.  The hoard was likely deposited in 1353; the last issue to be found in the hoard was an Edward III pre treaty York penny.  Only 34 coins out of the many thousands were Scottish.  The British Museum undertook a cursory examination and cleanup of the hoard but were unable to devote the necessary resources and time for a full study.  The coins were thereby returned to the finder under the Treasure Act where they were later sold.  A direct descendant of David 1st, Robert Bruce was crowned in 1306, on the back of ten turbulent years with various armies moving backwards and forwards over Scotland.  In 1318, Bruce’s reign saw the gradual repossession of the kingdom, partly from the English and partly from Scottish rivals.  It is likely that no coinage was struck for Robert Bruce until 1320.  Only three recorded dies, this one being Burns 1.   All Robert Bruce coinage is very rare but interestingly, although his coinage basically copied that of Alexander III, whereas Alexander’s coinage is often found VF or better, Robert Bruce’s coinage (on the rare occasions you do actually see an example) invariably turns up worn or damaged / pierced.  The all important provenance makes this coin extremely significant and desirable.  £1,750

 

WSC-7620:  1622 James 1st Scottish Hammered Silver Six Shillings - Choice.  Tenth coinage, type II, Edinburgh mint.  Initial mark Thistle, Spink 5508.  An interesting issue in that it’s very easy to mistake this for the English sixpence (indeed, bizarrely, the 1622 English 6d also has initial mark Thistle, which is the usual way people differentiate) but if you look closely at the reverse shield, you’ll note the Scottish arms at are in the 1st and 4th quarters.  I’m not sure this has ever been illustrated before but here’s a comparison of the reverse shields on James 1st English sixpences and Scottish James VI six shillings.  One point of caution: the 1605, 1606 and 1609/7 Scottish six shillings have the English coat of arms so the initial mark is all you have to differentiate between the two!  Burns 163 (fig. 986), SCBI 35 (Scottish) 1379, Spink 5508 (this coin illustrated as the Spink plate coin in the 2n edition).  The very last Scottish six shillings date, made all the more interesting when you consider that there were no issues in 1620 and 1621.  Outstanding provenance: ex Carlyon-Britton, ex Glendining’s (1957), ex R.C. Locket, ex Spnk (1987), ex J.K.R. Murray, ex Spink (2006), ex LaRiviere, ex Davvison’s (2009), ex Chris Comber.  All tickets shown here.   The Collection of the National Museum of Scotland listed in Sylloge 70 only has the following dates in their collection: 1610, 1612, 1613 1615, 1617, 1618, 1619, 1622 and an unlisted date of 1624, which gives you an idea as to the extreme rarity of ALL Scottish six shillings.  Further, none of the museum coins come close to the grade of this piece and are mostly worn with only the 1619 piece being better than the others and closer in grade to this coin.  There is currently a 1615 Scottish six shillings for sale elsewhere, in a very similar grade to this coin but most importantly, WITHOUT any of the impressive provenance of this coin, at £4,500.  This is such an impressive coin in both rarity, grade and provenance.  Choice.  £2,950 RESERVED