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Early Anglo-Saxon Gold Coins
Saxon Merovingian Gold Tremissis. Wico in Pontio (Quentovic), c. 620-640. Tremissis (Gold, 13mm, 1.26g, 0h), Moneyer Dutta. +VVICCO FIT Laureate bust to right. Rev. DVTTA
MONET, Cross on three steps. Belfort 4959. NM II p.
55, 14. Prou 1125. Rare but rarer still being centrally struck and such good grade.
Clear and well struck, good very fine or better. The Merovingian Dynasty was based in ancient Gaul (which is now France) and dates from the middle of the
5th century AD. The coins were very much
trading pieces and many have been found in Britain as Saxon trade between the
Continent and Britain was extremely robust. Similar examples have been found as far west
as Cornwall and as far north as Northumbria.
Ex Ian Millington (an expert on
Anglo Saxon coinage), ex Silbury Coins (their
ticket), ex DNW. You will not find a better example of this
early Saxon gold coin. It really is a
choice coin. £3,150 RESERVED
WAu-7845: Early Anglo-Saxon English Crondall Gold Thrysma or
type with obverse bust right, a trident in front. Circa 620-45. The reverse has a blundered legend
surrounding a crude cross with what is a very different 4th terminal to what
we'd normally expect to see on this type.
Sutherland type IV.1, Spink 753.
Of excellent gold content - it was from this point onwards that the
metal used for Saxon coinage was increasingly and progressively "watered
down" with silver (the post Crondall and
European types have that insipid gold colour about them) until by circa AD
660's, they were all entirely silver in metal content. Recorded on the E.M.C.
database (2022-0426). The Crondall (Hampshire) Hoard of 1828 was the single largest
hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold coins found prior to the 21st century. It comprised 97 gold coins, together with
three unstruck gold planchets
and one gold-plated object that could have been a coin forgery. Of the 97 coins, 73 were Anglo-Saxon Thrymsa and 24 were Merovingian or Frankish tremissis. The
consensus amongst historians is that hoard dates from between AD 635 and about
AD 650. The coins are now in the
collection of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. Of the 73 Thrysmas,
x4 in the hoard had the same obverse die as the coin listed here. All Crondall
"Native Anglo-Saxon" type Thrysmas as rare
- even the late "two emperors" type, which is invariably the one to
turn up, is rare as very few gold Saxon coins were minted and hardly any
survived - it would only be through hoards or casual field losses. An extremely important and
significant Anglo-Saxon gold coin.
Early Anglo-Saxon Silver Sceats
Kings of Northumbria Saxon Coins
WSax-7842: Kings of Northumbria Saxon
Silver Styca or Penny. Eanred, 810-30 (although the reign lasted until AD 841), moneyer Eadwine. Base silver regal issue, phase 1, Spink 860. A really nice example - the much rarer
earlier silver variety (we are now regularly seeing base Stycas
selling for well in excess of £100) and excellent grade. £395
WSax-7843: Kings of Northumbria Saxon
Silver Sceatta or Penny. Eadberht, 737-58. Phase A silver regal issue, class Bi, Spink 847. A "fantastic" quadruped (currently
thought to be a stylised stag), left. Rare. £465
"Hammered Silver" Issues
King Offa (757 – 796): Read about King Offa
WSax-7451: Middle Saxon OFFA PORTRAIT
Hammered Silver Penny. Light coinage, c.780-96, London mint, moneyer Ciolhard,
Spink 905. This Spink reference
encompasses many different reverses, this one being termed a Serpent reverse –
North 317. Slightly
porous with a large die flaw on the obverse, chipped edge. Larger flan (17mm), VF
grade and very rare. £2,995
Kings of Mercia Hammered Silver Penny.
Light coinage, non portrait issue with the king’s name across the
obverse field. South-Eastern mint,
probably either Canterbury or London although Ethelwald has not been definitively attributed whereas
other moneyers are tentatively attributed to either Canterbury or London, and in some cases, either Rochester or even East Anglian mints. 1.04g, 17mm, 0 hrs.
Spink 904, North 287. Slightly
porous but of apparent good silver content, ringing pleasingly when
pellet combinations in forked ends – the obverse having only a single pellet in
each fork whilst the reverse has three in each. £1,885 RESERVED (M.He.4-4-23 Lay-Away)
Alfred The Great (87-899):
the Great Middle Saxon Hammered Silver Penny. Kings of Wessex Lunettes type, first coinage,
AD 871-75. Lyons & Mackay type A but a variant thereof being IA with dies A/a. Moneyer Dunn, Canterbury mint - MON DVNN
ETA. Diademed and draped bust
right, +AELBRED REX. 1.22g. Spink 1057, North
625. A little unevenly toned but other
than that, by far the best example I've ever seen with a good, strong no issues
edges and a grade rapidly approaching EF.
Find better! RESERVED
Late Saxon "Hammered Silver" Issues
Aethelred II (978-1016): Read about Aethelred II
II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.
B.M.C. IIIa, Crux type, c.991-97. Spink 1148. +LEOFSTAN MO HAM – Rarer Northampton mint. Of the x64 Northampton mint Aethelred
II coins (all types) recorded on the EMC database, only x6 are Crux and only
one Crux penny is Leofstan. A rarer mint for type and a
very rare moneyer. £645
II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.
B.M.C. IIIa, Crux type, c.991-97. Spink 1148. +AELFPINE M-O PELIG – Rarer Wallingford mint. Of the x77 Northampton mint Aethelred
II coins (all types) recorded on the EMC database, only x38 are Crux and only
x4 Crux pennies are Aelfwig. Old collection toning, wavy
Richard Basler collection. A rarer mint and a very
rare moneyer for type. £645
II Hammered Silver Saxon Penny – Rarer Mint. B.M.C. IIIa. Late Saxon, 991 - 997AD. Crux type. Totnes mint town.
Moneyer AELFSTAN. Spink 1148. Ex
Bonham’s auction 2006. Rarer mint. £475
Cnut (1016-1035): Read
Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny. B.M.C.
XVI - Short cross type (1029-35/6), “+BLACAMAN O SNO”. Spink 1159. Nottingham mint. An extremely rare mint
coin. Ex Cnut hoard of 1993, ex Sharp collection, ex Baldwins, ex Spink, ex Lord Stewartby collection. Sold
with three tickets (two
shown here). A
very rare coin. £1,995
Late Saxon Hammered Silver Rare Mint Penny.
B.M.C. VIII - Quatrefoil
type (1017-23), +EDRIC O TANTV. Spink 1157. Taunton mint. An extremely rare mint
coin. Sold with old tickets (see here): ex
Doubleday 6-10-87 (£370), ex Rasmusson 2017 (£1,675).
A very rare coin. £2,195
Harold I (1035-1040):
Read about Harold I
Harefoot Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny. Jewel
Cross type, B.M.C. 1, Spring 1036-38.
Rarer Leicester mint.
Obverse diademed bust left, +HAROLD RE; reverse jewel cross of x4 ovals,
+PVLSTAN ON LEHR – moneyer Wulfstan struck at the
Leicester mint. 1.08g. Spink 1163, North 802. Same dies as SCBI 18 – Copenhagen: 200. Harold wasn’t officially king in 1036 - Harold
was elected regent of England following the death of his father
in 1035. He initially ruled England in place of his brother Harthacnut, who was stuck in Denmark due to a rebellion in Norway.
It was not until 1037 that Harold, supported by earl Leofric
and many others, was officially proclaimed king. If you’re in the market for trivia, the term Harefoot is said to mean “fleet of foot”. Harold died at Oxford on 17 March
as Harthacnut was preparing an invasion force of
Danes, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His body was subsequently exhumed,
beheaded, and thrown into a fen bordering the Thames when Harthacnut
assumed the throne in June 1040. The
Saxon kings were not ones to hide their feelings about people, even blood
relatives! A rarer Midland’s mint town –
it probably won’t surprise you to learn that there are only four recorded
examples of this moneyer / type combination, including this coin, with two
being in institutions and a third sold on the open market in 2016. The EMC / SCBI database records all four
examples. GVF with
original old cabinet toning. Ex
York Coins (early 2000’s, ticket price $2,250, ex Leja
Park Collection, Ex Spink. Tickets
An extremely rare coin with much eye appeal. £2,195
1st Hammered Silver Late Saxon Penny.
Voided long cross with fleur-de-lis in
the angles: B.M.C. V, circa 1038-40.
Obverse diademed bust left, +HAR: OLD RE; reverse: +GODRIC ON CONC. 0.99g. Spink 1165, North 803. Ex Mike Vosper. Attractively toned, small
surface stress mark, VF grade. A good eye-appeal coin.
Confessor (1042-1066): Read about Edward
WSax-6969: Edward The Confessor
Saxon Hammered Silver Penny. Late Saxon – small flan type (1048-50). B.M.C. II. Sandwich mint - LIFPINE. Very rare mint town. The
obverse mark by the king’s face is a difference in height of the silver and the
reverse stress mark is surface only.
This was clearly not a good blank that they used. £635
WSax-5502: Edward The Confessor Saxon Hammered Silver Penny. Late Saxon – pyramids type (1065-66). B.M.C. XV. Stafford - GODSPINE. Extra image added here. Very rare mint town. £1,095
Harold II (1066
only): Read about Harold II ("Last
of the Saxons")