`Saxon Coins

-------->Remember, postage is included<--------

 

**Extra images now added**

 

 

Early Anglo-Saxon Gold Coins

 

WAu-8056:  **Choice** Saxon Merovingian Gold Tremissis.   Wico in Pontio (Quentovic), c. 620-640. Tremissis (Gold, 13mm, 1.26g, 0h), Moneyer Dutta. +VVICCO FIT Laureate bust to right. Rev. DVTTA MONET, Cross on three steps. Belfort 4959. NM II p. 55, 14. Prou 1125.  Rare but rarer still being centrally struck and such good grade. Clear and well struck, good very fine or better.  The Merovingian Dynasty was based in ancient Gaul (which is now France) and dates from the middle of the 5th century AD.  The coins were very much trading pieces and many have been found in Britain as Saxon trade between the Continent and Britain was extremely robust.  Similar examples have been found as far west as Cornwall and as far north as Northumbria.  Ex Ian Millington (an expert on Anglo Saxon coinage), ex Silbury Coins (their ticket), ex DNW.  You will not find a better example of this early Saxon gold coin.  It really is a choice coin.  See the gold section

 

WAu-8089:  Early Anglo-Saxon English Crondall Gold Thrysma or Shilling.  Witman type with obverse bust right, a trident in front.  Circa 620-45.  The reverse has a blundered legend surrounding a crude cross with what is a very different 4th terminal to what we'd normally expect to see on this type.  Sutherland type IV.1, Spink 753.  Of excellent gold content - it was from this point onwards that the metal used for Saxon coinage was increasingly and progressively "watered down" with silver (the post Crondall and European types have that insipid gold colour about them) until by circa AD 660's, they were all entirely silver in metal content.  Recorded on the E.M.C. database (2022-0426).  The Crondall (Hampshire) Hoard of 1828 was the single largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold coins found prior to the 21st century.  It comprised 97 gold coins, together with three unstruck gold planchets and one gold-plated object that could have been a coin forgery.  Of the 97 coins, 73 were Anglo-Saxon Thrymsa and 24 were Merovingian or Frankish tremissis.  The consensus amongst historians is that hoard dates from between AD 635 and about AD 650.  The coins are now in the collection of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford.  Of the 73 Thrysmas, x4 in the hoard had the same obverse die as the coin listed here.  All Crondall "Native Anglo-Saxon" type Thrysmas as rare - even the late "two emperors" type, which is invariably the one to turn up, is rare as very few gold Saxon coins were minted and hardly any survived - it would only be through hoards or casual field losses.  This is an extremely important and significant Anglo-Saxon gold coin.  See the gold section

 

 

 

Early Anglo-Saxon Silver Sceats

 

 

 

Kings of Northumbria Saxon Coins

 

WSax-7842:  Kings of Northumbria Saxon Silver Styca or Penny.  Eanred, 810-30 (although the reign lasted until AD 841), moneyer Eadwine.  Base silver regal issue, phase 1, Spink 860.  A really nice example - the much rarer earlier silver variety (we are now regularly seeing base Stycas selling for well in excess of £100) and excellent grade.  £395

 

WSax-7843:  Kings of Northumbria Saxon Silver Sceatta or Penny.  Eadberht, 737-58.  Phase A silver regal issue, class Bi, Spink 847.  A "fantastic" quadruped (currently thought to be a stylised stag), left.  Rare.  £465

 

WSax-7948:  Kings of Northumbria Anglo-Saxon Styca.  Late Styca coinage D - the Archiepiscopal issues: Archbishop Wigmund of York, AD 837-49/50.  The moneyer is Coenred.  The styca followed on from the earlier silver sceat issues during the Anglo-Saxon period, becoming increasingly debased; devolving from silver, to silver alloys, to copper alloys.  An illustration as to just how powerful these clerics were lies in the gold solidus (Spink 863A), issued by Wigmund (it being the only gold coin issued in the entire Saxon period, other than the King Coenwulf gold penny and the much earlier Thrymsas), potentially as an ecclesiastical gift, at about the time of this coin.  £165

 

WSax-8025:  Kings of Northumbria Saxon Silver Styca - Regal Issue.  Eanred with HVAETRED as money.  base or billon silver issue.  Spink 860.  Total reign of Eanred 810-41 with this coin being struck very early on in that reign due to the excellent silver content.  Pleasing grade with the moneyer particularly clear.  £245

 

 

 

Middle Saxon "Hammered Silver" Issues

 

King Offa (757 – 796):  Read about King Offa

 

WSax-7451:  Middle Saxon OFFA PORTRAIT Hammered Silver Penny.  Light coinage, c.780-96, London mint, moneyer Ciolhard, Spink 905.  This Spink reference encompasses many different reverses, this one being termed a Serpent reverse – North 317.  Slightly porous with a large die flaw on the obverse, chipped edge.  Larger flan (17mm), VF grade and very rare.  £2,995

 

WSax-8064:  Middle Saxon OFFA Hammered Silver Penny.  Light coinage, c.780-92, London or Canterbury mint, moneyer Osmod, Spink 904, North 264 (listed as "Extremeley Rare").  This Spink reference encompasses many different reverses, this one being described as Long Cross on Saltire Botonnee / Cross Botonnee on Annulet surrounded with Pellets.  Offa, a Christian king, was the most powerful Anglo-Saxon king before Alfred the Great. Described by some as: "... driven by a lust for power, not a vision of English unity; and what he left was a reputation, not a legacy".  A South-Eastern mint which can usually be attributed to either London OR Canterbury through moneyer, although Osmod, whilst being a recognised, all-be-it rare moneyer, was only active on this very specific issue at the start of the series as well as a single issue right at the end of the series - North 289 - and no single mint town has yet been attributed to this moneyer; hence London or Canterbury.  An iconic king, an interesting coin and extremely rare.  £1,795

 

 

 

Alfred The Great (871-899):

 

WSax-7819:  Choice Alfred the Great Middle Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  Kings of Wessex Lunettes type, first coinage, AD 871-75.  Lyons & Mackay type A but a variant thereof being IA with dies A/a.  Moneyer Dunn, Canterbury mint - MON DVNN ETA.  Diademed and draped bust right, +AELBRED REX.  1.22g.  Spink 1057, North 625.  A little unevenly toned but other than that, by far the best example I've ever seen with a good, strong no issues edges and a grade rapidly approaching EF.  Find better!  RESERVED

 

Aethelstan (825-845):

 

WSax-8032 (commission coin):  Middle Saxon Kings of East Anglia Hammered Silver Penny.  Aethelstan 1st, 825-40.  Obverse and reverse small crosses, both with wedges in the angles.  Obv: AEŠELSTAN RE, rev: AEŠELHELM MO.  North 446/3 (unrecorded moneyer for North - only EADNOTH & MON for type, although the EMC database records three such coins, but all with pellets in the angles as opposed to wedges), Spink 951.  Ipswich given tentatively as the mint town (see EMC).  Completely fresh to the market, coming out of a very long-held metal detectorist's collection.  The son of the finder tells me that his father rinsed his finds under cold water for literally a second and that was it.  Attractively toned and very nice grade indeed.  A rare opportunity to acquire an outstanding Saxon coin that has never been messed around with.  £2,750 RESERVED (J.K.4-4-24 Lay-Away)

 

 

 

Late Saxon "Hammered Silver" Issues

 

Aethelred II (978-1016): Read about Aethelred II

 

WSax-7452:  Aethelred II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. IIIa, Crux type, c.991-97.  Spink 1148.  +LEOFSTAN MO HAM – Rarer Northampton mint.  Of the x64 Northampton mint Aethelred II coins (all types) recorded on the EMC database, only x6 are Crux and only one Crux penny is Leofstan.  A rarer mint for type and a very rare moneyer.  £645

 

WSax-7453:  Aethelred II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. IIIa, Crux type, c.991-97.  Spink 1148.  +AELFPINE M-O PELIG – Rarer Wallingford mint.  Of the x77 Northampton mint Aethelred II coins (all types) recorded on the EMC database, only x38 are Crux and only x4 Crux pennies are Aelfwig.  Old collection toning, wavy flan.  Ex Richard Basler collection.  A rarer mint and a very rare moneyer for type.  £645

 

WSax-6425:  Aethelred II Hammered Silver Saxon Penny – Rarer Mint.  B.M.C. IIIa.  Late Saxon, 991 - 997AD.  Crux type.  Totnes mint town.  Moneyer AELFSTAN.  Spink 1148.  Ex Bonham’s auction 2006.  Rarer mint.  £475

 

WSax-8042:  Aethelred II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. IVa - Voided Long Cross type (997 - 1003), +AEŠELNOŠ M`O LINC.  Spink 1151.  Moneyer Aethelnoth at the Lincoln mint.  The Unready, or more accurately, the Unrede, deriving from the fact that Aethelred had very little council that he could rely upon from his government - he inherited the thrown upon the murder of his half-brother and was considered a weak leader virtually from the outset.  This was the period where vast (and I do literally mean vast) quantities of silver coinage were paid to Viking raiders in attempt to stop them doing what Vikings did.  Danegeld was the tax levied upon the populace in order to raise the "tribute" payments.  Large hoards have been found in Scandinavia where the payments were taken home and deposited in the Bank-of-Mother-Earth.  Peck marks on the reverse strongly indication that this was part of the Danegeld.  £375

 

WSax-7985:  Aethelred II Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny - Rare Mint.  B.M.C. IVa, voided long cross type, AD 997-1003.  +AELFS TAN N MO LEIG - moneyer Aelfstan working out of the Leicester mint town.  A rare mint and an even rarer moneyer with no examples of Aelfstan being recorded for Aethelred II B.M.C. IVa on the excellent EMC database.  Good provenance, being ex Steve Green collection, ex A.William collection (acquired Spink, 2019), ex Spink Numismatic Circular 1997.  Rare.  Addendum: The reason there are no examples of this moneyer working out of Leicester on the EMC database is because he wasn't!  The mint signature LEIG is for Chester, not Leicester.  Guilty as charged for blindly believing what is on old tickets, even big name tickets!  Thank you to Melvyn Churchill in the States for pointing it out.  £675

 

 

 

Cnut (1016-1035): Read about Cnut.

 

WSax-8043:  Cnut Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. VIII - Quatrefoil type (1017 - 1023), +CETEL O EOFRR.  Spink 1157.  York mint.  Following on from Danegeld under Aethelred, Cnut was actually the son of King Swein of Denmark - a Viking and a Viking of some repute.  In 1014 the Danish fleet proclaimed Cnut king of England but the natives thought otherwise and he was forced to leave.  Interestingly, this shows Aethelred as not a subservient and weak monarch; rather a decisive, fighting monarch.  Perhaps the potential loss of his thrown was a bridge too far?!  Aethelred's son, Eadmund Ironside, continued the defiance towards the Vikings but upon his death on 1016, Cnut became undisputed king of England , a position which Cnut firmly consolidated a year later by marrying Emma of Normandy, Aethelred's widow.  History suggests that Emma and Cnut's marriage, though begun as a political strategy, became an affectionate affair. During their marriage, Emma and Cnut had a son, Harthacnut, and a daughter, Gunhilda.  A very nice grade coin indeed.  £445

 

WSax-7736:  Cnut Late Saxon Hammered Silver Rare Mint Penny.  B.M.C. VIII - Quatrefoil type (1017-23), +EDRIC O TANTV.  Spink 1157.  Taunton mint.  An extremely rare mint coin.  Sold with old tickets (see here): ex Doubleday 6-10-87 (£370), ex Rasmusson 2017 (£1,675).  A very rare coin.  £2,195

 

WSax-6334:  Cnut Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. XVI - Short cross type (1029-35/6), “+BLACAMAN O SNO”.  Spink 1159.  Nottingham mint.  An extremely rare mint coin.  Ex Cnut hoard of 1993, ex Sharp collection, ex Baldwins, ex Spink, ex Lord Stewartby collection.  Sold with three tickets (two shown here).  A very rare coin.  £1,995

 

WSax-8044:  Cnut Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. XVI - Voided Short Cross type (1029 - 1035/6), +ELFSIGE ON LENC.  Spink 1159.  Chester mint.  Following on from Danegeld under Aethelred, Cnut was actually the son of King Swein of Denmark - a Viking and a Viking of some repute.  In 1014 the Danish fleet proclaimed Cnut king of England but the natives thought otherwise and he was forced to leave.  Interestingly, this shows Aethelred as not a subservient and weak monarch; rather a decisive, fighting monarch.  Perhaps the potential loss of his thrown was a bridge too far?!  Aethelred's son, Eadmund Ironside, continued the defiance towards the Vikings but upon his death on 1016, Cnut became undisputed king of England , a position which Cnut firmly consolidated a year later by marrying Emma of Normandy, Aethelred's widow.  History suggests that Emma and Cnut's marriage, though begun as a political strategy, became an affectionate affair. During their marriage, Emma and Cnut had a son, Harthacnut, and a daughter, Gunhilda.  I've managed to once again murder the quality of the coin through my non-existent photographic skills and complete ineptitude at using a so-called hi spec camera, so I've included a cheap camera phone image taken in not the best of lighting, which actually is much more representative.  Rarer mint town.  £435

 

 

 

 

Harold I (1035-1040): Read about Harold I

 

WSax-7739:  Harold 1st Harefoot Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.   Jewel Cross type, B.M.C. 1, Spring 1036-38.  Rarer Leicester mint.  Obverse diademed bust left, +HAROLD RE; reverse jewel cross of x4 ovals, +PVLSTAN ON LEHR – moneyer Wulfstan struck at the Leicester mint.  1.08g.  Spink 1163, North 802.  Same dies as SCBI 18 – Copenhagen: 200.  Harold wasn’t officially king in 1036 - Harold was elected regent of England following the death of his father in 1035. He initially ruled England in place of his brother Harthacnut, who was stuck in Denmark due to a rebellion in Norway.  It was not until 1037 that Harold, supported by earl Leofric and many others, was officially proclaimed king.  If you’re in the market for trivia, the term Harefoot is said to mean “fleet of foot”.  Harold died at Oxford on 17 March 1040, just as Harthacnut was preparing an invasion force of Danes, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His body was subsequently exhumed, beheaded, and thrown into a fen bordering the Thames when Harthacnut assumed the throne in June 1040.  The Saxon kings were not ones to hide their feelings about people, even blood relatives!  A rarer Midland’s mint town – it probably won’t surprise you to learn that there are only four recorded examples of this moneyer / type combination, including this coin, with two being in institutions and a third sold on the open market in 2016.  The EMC / SCBI database records all four examples.  GVF with original old cabinet toning.  Ex York Coins (early 2000’s, ticket price $2,250, ex Leja Park Collection, Ex Spink.  Tickets here.  An extremely rare coin with much eye appeal.  £2,195 RESERVED (J.K.31-5-24 Lay-Away)

 

WSax-7896:  Harold 1st Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  Fleur-de-lis type, B.M.C. V, Spring 1038-40.  London mint.  Obverse armoured and  diademed bust left, +HAROLD REC R; reverse voided long cross with fleur-de-lis between two pellets: +BRINTNER ON LV – moneyer Brintner struck at the London mint.  0.96g.  Spink 1165.  Harold was elected regent of England following the death of his father in 1035. He initially ruled England in place of his brother Harthacnut, who was stuck in Denmark due to a rebellion in Norway.  It was not until 1037 that Harold, supported by earl Leofric and many others, was officially proclaimed king.  If you’re in the market for trivia, the term Harefoot is said to mean “fleet of foot”.  Harold died at Oxford on 17 March 1040, just as Harthacnut was preparing an invasion force of Danes, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His body was subsequently exhumed, beheaded, and thrown into a fen bordering the Thames when Harthacnut assumed the throne in June 1040.  The Saxon kings were not ones to hide their feelings about people, even blood relatives!  Possibly an ex hoard coin, now beginning to re-tone.  Very nice grade.  £1,465

 

 

 

Harthacnut (1040-1042)

 

 

 

Edward the Confessor (1042-1066): Read about Edward The Confessor.

 

WSax-5502:  Edward The Confessor Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  Late Saxon – pyramids type (1065-66).  B.M.C. XV.  Stafford - GODSPINE.  Extra image added here.  Very rare mint town.  £1,095

 

WSax-7974:  Edward the Confessor Hammered Silver Saxon Penny.  Pointed helmet type, B.M.C. VII, c.1053-6 only.  +STIRCOL ON EOFER - York mint.  Spink 1179.  An outstanding well struck example, being the best I've ever handled, slightly impaired by the ragged flan.  Easily a four figure coin otherwise.  £765 RESERVED (M.He.13-1-24 Lay-Away)

 

WSax-8046:  Edward The Confessor Late Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  B.M.C. IX - Sovereign / Eagles type (1056 - 1059), +BRVNGAR ON LVNDEF.  Spink 1181.  London mint, which is different to the usual York mint Sovereign / Eagles that you see.  Edward was the son of Aethelred II and Emma of Norway so Cnut was Edward's step father; Cnut having sent Edward to live in Normandy under the tutelage of Emma's brother during Cnut's lifetime - some 25 years.  Edward was know as "Confessor" due to his extreme piety, although the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle portrayed him not as a saint but as a strong king.  Interestingly, the perhaps biased Anglo-Saxon Chronicles aside, he was remembered through history as a devout weakling; too obsessed with the matters of the spirit to cope with the real world. This was probably because his death led directly to the Conquest and to the fact that, despite being married to one of the most beautiful women in the country, he had no children by her.  An interesting feature of the reverse is the coin-shaped semicircle, indicating that this coin has possibly been in contact with another coin for a lengthy period of time.  +BRVNGAR ON LVNDEF is an unrecorded moneyer for B.M.C. IX on the excellent EMC database, there being only x13 coins in total recorded: x8 PACX, x2 Small Cross and x3 Pointed Helmet types.  No Sovereign / Eagles type at all for this moneyer.  This single coin now extends the length of time Brungar was active at the mint by further three years.  A rare coin.  £895

 

 

 

Harold II (1066 only):  Read about Harold II ("Last of the Saxons")

 

WSax-7931:  Harold II Godwinson Final Anglo-Saxon Hammered Silver Penny.  PAX type, B.M.C. 1: +MANPINE.ON.DOVER - Manwine as money at the Dover mint.  H. Pagan "The Coinage of Harold II" p.191, North 836, Spink 1186.  The money is actually a recorded moneyer but for this exact coin only, ie this is the only recorded example.  The obverse depicts a unique portrait of Harold II - triple banded crown together with distinctive and better executed beard and hair.  Found Peasenhall (a small village in East Suffolk) and fully recorded on the EMC database.  H. Pagan in his 1990 "Studies in Late Anglo-Saxon Coinage" discusses this same coin in his The Coinage of Harold II section.  It is interesting to note that there are only x4 Dover Harold II coins recorded on the database - a cut half, this one and two others.  Of the other three, none have sceptres - very much a southern characteristic.  And yet this coin does?  Was this coin perhaps specially minted to commemorate Harold's famous victory at Stamford Bridge?  Ironic if so because just three weeks later, Hastings happened.  It is interesting to note that a commoner mint, together with a much less appealing portrait of Harold II has just sold through Spink for in excess of £10,000 - see link here.  The famous Braintree Hoard of late Anglo-Saxon pennies was 122 in total.  When Noonan's sold the hoard, there were only two Dover examples in the sale, neither of which was this rarer depiction of Harold, with final prices on those two coins at just under £12,000 and £6,500.  Both were CINSTAN moneyer and both without sceptre, making this "with sceptre" example all the rarer.  This coin likely a unique example at this point in time.  £8,650