Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) Read about Elizabeth I

 

 

 

Mestrelle’s Machine Pressed or “Milled” Silver Issue

 

“85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental machine-made coins were sixpences dated 1562. 

This leaves 15% for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.”

 

 

Sixpences

 

WTH-7245:  1564 Elizabeth 1st Milled or Machine Screw-Pressed Silver Sixpence.  Eloye Mestrelle, a Frenchman, was brought in by the mint to produce “…exceedingly fine workmanship” coins using his screw-press method.  The power to “press” the coinage was derived from a horse drawn mill, which is why these coins are sometimes referred to as Mill Money.  85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental coins – the process was incredibly slow compared to the usual striking by hand so relatively few were issued overall – were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% of an already small pot for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.  Thus ANY other date is rare.  Interestingly, Eloye Mestrelle was dismissed from the mint in 1572 and just six years later, he was executed (hanged) for counterfeiting.  Spink 2598.  Iridescent toning, bent and flattened (these coins were so unusual and therefore suspect to the Elizabethan public that they often bit and bent them to test the silver content) with associated marks.  Sold with an information slip and a cabinet ticket.  £345

 

WTH-7113:  1567 Elizabeth 1st Milled or Machine Pressed “Eloye Mestrelle” Silver Sixpence.  Coins of exceedingly fine workmanship were produced at the start of the reign in a screw press introduced by the Frenchman, Eloye Mestrelle.  Parts of the machinery were powered by a horse-drawn mill and thus the coins became known as “Mill Money”.  Mestrelle was hanged in 1578!  Spink 2599.  Initial mark Lis and the much rarer, later date of 1567.  £395 RESERVED (I.M. 16-11-21)

 

WTH-6848:  1568 Elizabeth 1st  Silver Sixpence – “Screw Press” Machine Made Issue.  Small bust, initial mark Lis, Spink 2599.  Eloye Mestrelle, a Frenchman, was brought in by the mint to produce “…exceedingly fine workmanship” coins using his screw-press method.  The power to “press” the coinage was derived from a horse drawn mill, which is why these coins are sometimes referred to as Mill Money.  85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental coins – the process was incredibly slow compared to the usual striking by hand so relatively few were issued overall – were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% of an already small pot for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.  Thus ANY other date is rare.  Interestingly, Eloye Mestrelle was dismissed from the mint in 1572 and just six years later, he was executed (hanged) for counterfeiting.  £295

 

 

 

Hammered Silver Issue

 

Shillings

 

 

 

Sixpences

 

WTH-6608:  1574  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  3rd & 4th issues, initial mark Eglantine.  Spink 2563.  1574 as a date represents a frequency of 4.1% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.2% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £115 RESERVED (C.H.11-12-21)

 

WTH-6975:  1582 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Sword, fifth issue, Spink 2572.  This initial mark, Sword, is interesting as it was only in operation for six months and even that tiny period straddled two years.  1582 as a date represents a frequency of 4.0% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.0% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £75

 

WTH-7089:  1584 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark A, sixth issue.  Spink 2578A. 1584 as a date represents a frequency of 1.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.8% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1584 is the eighteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  £145

 

WTH-6713:  1589 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Crescent, sixth issue.  Spink 2578A.  1589 as a date represents a frequency of 0.5% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 0.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1589 is the seventh rarest of all forty two dates.  £135

 

WTH-7144:  1591 Elizabeth 1st Tudor Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Hand, sixth issue.  1591 as a date represents a frequency of 1.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.2% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1591 is the fifteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  £165

 

WTH-7092:  1592 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Tun, sixth issue.  Spink 2578B. 1592 as a date represents a frequency of 2.5% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.4% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £95

 

WTH-5986:  1594 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Woolpack. Spink 2578b.   A better late date.  1594 as a date represents a frequency of 2.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.6% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £135

 

WTH-7271:  1601/159- Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Seventh issue, initial mark 1, Spink 2585.  An important and rare coin on two counts:  1. As a date, 1601 represents a frequency of 0.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 0.7% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1601 is the tenth rarest of all forty two dates.  2. There were only x4 dies used for 1601.  This coin is a clear overdate with the reverse being an unused 159- die.  The missing final digit does not indicate that we don’t know what the digit was, rather they made a batch of reverse dies early in the 1590’s and left the final digit empty in order that they could insert the appropriate final number for every new year.  Excellent provenance - ex Dr Tony Abramson collection, ex Spink.  Sold with x4 tickets.  £265 RESERVED (M.H. 16-11-21 LayAway)

 

WTH-7174:  1602 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Seventh issue, initial mark 2 – the last ever date in the lengthy Elizabeth 1st sixpence series.  Spink 2585.  1602 as a date represents a frequency of 1.9% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.1% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  Sold with an auction printout as well as a collector’s cabinet ticket.  £125

 

 

 

Groats

 

WTH-6798:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Lis, rarer first issue.  Spink 2551A.  These bust 1G first issue hammered groats were only struck for a very few months – Spring 1560 to 8th November 1560.  This is a really interesting and somewhat rare coin as both the obverse and reverse dies were literally the much smaller first issue halfgroat dies.  £245

 

WTH-6723:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Lis, rarer first issue.  Spink 2551A.  These bust 1G first issue hammered groats were only struck for a very few months – Spring 1560 to 8th November 1560.  This is a really interesting and somewhat rare coin as both the obverse and reverse dies were literally the much smaller first issue halfgroat dies.  £225

 

WTH-6572:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Martlet, second issue, 9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561.  Spink 2556.  Second issue Martlet hammered groats were only struck for a total of 10 months (9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561) – the Martlet and Cross Crosslet were the last Groat issues even though Elizabeth reigned for a further 40+ years.  £255

 

WTH-6594:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Martlet, second issue, 9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561.  Spink 2556.  Second issue Martlet hammered groats were only struck for a total of 10 months (9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561) – the Martlet and Cross Crosslet were the last Groat issues even though Elizabeth reigned for a further 40+ years.  £275

 

WTH-6979:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Cross Crosslet, second issue, 1st December 1560 to 24th October 1561.  Spink 2556.  Old tickets here.  Second issue Cross Crosslet hammered groats were only struck for a total of 10 months (1st December 1560 to 24th October 1561) – the Martlet and Cross Crosslet were the last Groat issues even though Elizabeth reigned for a further 40+ years.  A very nice grade coin.  £275

 

 

 

Threepences

 

WTH-6904:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Tudor Dated Threepence.  Third & fourth issues, Spink 2565.  Initial mark pheon – only in use from 26th October 1561 (to 30th Sept 1565) and is rarely seen on this denomination with this initial mark.  The very first dated threepence issued under Elizabeth 1st.  £165

 

WTH-6791:  1564 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Pheon / Broad Arrow.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2565.  A rarer date.  £95

 

WTH-6920:  1565 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Rose – only in production for the very last three months of this year so a rare date / im combination (pheon is much more prolific for 1565).  Spink 2565.  Cheap at  £55

 

WTH-7287:  1566 Rare Date Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Tudor Threepence.  Initial mark Portcullis.  Third and fourth issues, smaller flan, regular bust, Spink 2565.  Not so rare in sixpences but when you consider that there were only TWO 1566 threepence dies in use, with NO overdates (2006 data), it’s rare in threepences.  A general rule of thumb you may wish to note is that 1560’s Elizabeth 1st coins, bar sixpences, are rarer.  This date is an extremely rare year.  Excellent grade - much better in the hand than the images suggest, hence the extra cheap camera phone image I’ve included.  £265

 

WTH-5797:  1567 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Coronet.  A rarer pre 1570’s date.  Spink 2566.  £155

 

WTH-6313:  1569 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Coronet.  A rarer pre 1570’s date.  Spink 2566.  £69

 

WTH-7088:  1570 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Castle, third and fourth issues, Spink 2566. Ex Eccles collection.  £95

 

WTH-7281:  1572/inverted 2 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third & fourth coinages – taller bust, ear showing – initial mark Ermine.  Spink 2566.  Just three dies in use for 72 threepences with only one of those being this rare, die sinker’s error of the 2 overstruck on an inverted (upside down) 2.  Way more 1572 sixpence dies were in use and interestingly, the die sinker did exactly the same, but not just once – he did it on three different sixpence dies!  A very interesting coin in pleasing grade.  £185

 

WTH-6669:  1573 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Acorn.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2566.  Acorn was only used for 6 months in total (1st November 1573 - 25th May 1574) so this year and initial mark combination were only in operation for x2 months.  It is a rare initial mark but coupled with this date, it is rarer still.  £115

 

WTH-7273:  1574 over 3 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Dated Threepence.  Third and fourth issues, taller bust BC4D with ear showing.  Initial mark Eglantine (possible eglantine over acorn on reverse), Spink 2566.  Only two 74/3 dies used – there were more straight 74 dies.  Interestingly, Brown, Comber & Wikinson suggest that chronologically, both 74/3 dies were used both before AND after different straight 74 dies.  This coin ex Walter Wilkinson – perhaps the most well respected collector of Elizabeth 1st coinage we have ever known.  His collection spanned many decades, during which he was constantly upgrading.  This coin was part of his collection when he saly passed, meaning it was the best example he could lay his hands upon.  £255 RESERVED (M.H.5-1-22 – LayAway)

 

WTH-6649:  1574 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2566.  Very nice grade.  £139

 

WTH-7249:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine, third & fourth issues, regular bust, Spink 2566.  This particular initial mark was relatively long-lived, being introduced 29th May 1574 and shelved 13th July 1578.  However, 1575 dated coins are represented by a single die only.  This is most surprising until we realise that there were actually plenty of 1575 dies sunk, but they were not used in 1575.  There is a 1575/4, which I only mention for context.  The bulk of the 1575 unused reverse dies were: 1576/5, 1577/5, 1577/6/5, 1578/7/5.  An unusually high grade example and a rare date / im combination.  Rare on both counts.  £235

 

WTH-6610:  1578 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Greek Cross - only in production for three short months: 1st Oct 1578 - 31st Dec 1578.  Spink 2573.  Lovely grade.  £129

 

 

 

Halfgroats

 

WTH-6331:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Initial mark Escallop, sixth issue, 1584-86.  Spink 2579.  £55

 

WTH-6359:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Initial mark 0, last of the sixth issue, 1st May 1600 – 20th May 1601.  Spink 2579.  £55

 

WTH-6704:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Initial mark 1, penultimate coinage of the seventh issue, 29th July 1601 – 14th May 1602.  Spink 2586.  Full flan, clear legends, and very nice grade.  The obverse is double struck on the bust.  £65

 

WTH-7114:  1567-70 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Third & Fourth issue, Spink 2567.  Remarkably full flan and an impressive 0.93 grams.  I don’t actually recall seeing a halfgroat as good as this, at least not for awhile.  You often see high grade pennies, fractions and even threepences but the halfgroat invariably turns up looking very much the worse for wear.  £185

 

 

 

Three Halfpence

 

WTH-6970:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence. Initial mark Pheon –Spink 2569.  1561, although third and fourth issue, is the very first date ever for this rarer denomination.  £135

 

WTH-6643:  1573 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence – a very rare x2 month only issue.  Initial mark Acorn – commenced operation on 1st November 1573 so very late on in 1573.  Spink 2569.  An uncommon denomination with a very rare date / initial mark combination.  £185

 

WTH-6825:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence.  Initial mark eglantine.  Spink 2569.  A relatively high grade example of a dated, less common denomination Elizabeth 1st silver coin.  Reported to be part of an old hoard – I only managed to buy a couple of the coins, the other being a 1561 three halfpence which is now sold.  £185

 

 

 

Three Farthings

 

WTH-6790:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  An uncommon denomination, this being the first ever date for three farthings.  Dates for three farthings are usually in the 1570’s.  An interesting slipped or dropped 5 in the date.  Spink 2571.  Cheap.  £95

 

WTH-5706:  1562 Elizabeth I Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  Initial mark pheon, A very rare date for this denomination.  £245

 

WTH-5697:  1575 over 6 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  Initial mark eglantine, third and fourth coinage.  Rare over-date, all the rarer because there was no straight 1576 three farthings issued!  This coin was made from the straight 76 die that was prepared but never used.  Rarer denomination.  £285

 

 

 

Halfpennies