Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) Read about Elizabeth I

 

 

**** An indication as to the way the market has moved over the last few years for Elizabeth 1st coinage. ****

 

 

Hammered Gold Issues

 

WAu-7472:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Gold Half Pound of 10 Shillings.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Rose over Cross Crosslet, 1456-66, Spink 2520.  Ex Chris Comber collection – tickets.  4.89g, North 1994, Schneider 738, Brown & Comber G7A – Chris Comber, together with Walter Wilkinson and I.D. Brown were the leading experts on Elizabeth 1st coinage, as well as having, between them, the most extensive and comprehensive collection in the world.  Chris Comber’s ticket, in his own hand, states that this coin is extremely rare and at the time of the ticket, an unpublished variety.  Wavy flan, which I have tried to illustrate in the tickets link above.  When you consider than the much, much commoner Henry VII and Henry VIII hammered gold angels are now commonly £3,000+, this give you an insight into just how cheap this coin is in comparison.  Excellent provenance and as rare as they come.  £2,950 RESERVED (R.E.8-9-22)

 

 
 
Mestrelle’s Machine Pressed or “Milled” Silver Issue

 

“85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental machine-made coins were sixpences dated 1562. 

This leaves 15% for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.”

 

 

Sixpences

 

WTH-7299:  1562 Elizabeth 1st Fine Workmanship Machine-Pressed Silver Sixpence.  Eloye Mestrelle, a Frenchman, was brought in by the mint to produce “…exceedingly fine workmanship” coins using his screw-press method.  The power to “press” the coinage was derived from a horse drawn mill, which is why these coins are sometimes referred to as Mill Money.  85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental coins – the process was incredibly slow compared to the usual striking by hand so relatively few were issued overall – were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% of an already small pot for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.  Interestingly, Eloye Mestrelle was dismissed from the mint in 1572 and just six years later, he was executed (hanged) for counterfeiting.  Spink 2596.  Sold with an information slip and a cabinet ticket.  £285

 

WTH-7457:  1564/2 Elizabeth 1st MILLED or MACHINE PRESSED Silver Sixpence.  Milled issue, initial mark Star, Spink 2598, Borden & Brown 33 02 R1.  A rare example of an overdate in the milled series.  Also, when you consider that 85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental machine-made coins were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage, you gain an insight into just how rare all non 1562 milled coins are.  £425

 

WTH-7486:  1568 Elizabeth 1st Milled Silver Sixpence.  Eloye Mestrelle, a Frenchman, was brought in by the mint to produce “…exceedingly fine workmanship” coins using his screw-press method.  The power to “press” the coinage was derived from a horse drawn mill, which is why these coins are sometimes referred to as Mill Money.  85% of Mestrelle’s meagre experimental coins – the process was incredibly slow compared to the usual striking by hand so relatively few were issued overall – were sixpences dated 1562, leaving 15% of an already small pot for all the other Screw-Pressed sixpences, shillings, groats, threepences, halfgroats, threefarthings and the gold coinage.  As the Americans say: do the math!  Interestingly, Eloye Mestrelle was dismissed from the mint in 1572 and just six years later, he was executed (hanged) for counterfeiting.  Spink 2599.  Rare date.  £355

 

 

 

Hammered Silver Issue

 

Shillings

 

WTH-7471:  1594-96 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Sixth Issue, initial mark Woolpack, Spink 2577.  Bust 6B.  Scratches to the face (deliberate, contemporary graffiti) otherwise a good, solid example of a scarcer denomination.  £325

 

WTH-7548:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Seventh (and final) issue, initial mark 2 (final) equating to 1602.  Spink 2584.  Sold with a detailed information slip together with a cabinet ticket.  Ex Cloudesely collection, ex Major Poll collection, ex St James Auction.  One of my more successful attempts at murdering a coin via my photography “skills” – it’s an awful representation with the actual coin in your hand being much better.  £325

 

 

 

Sixpences

 

WTH-7456:  156Z/1 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Pheon, Spink 2561.  1562 as a date represents a frequency of 1.8% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.4% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1562 is the nineteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  An interesting die.  You might be thinking this was an error (a Z for a 2) but you’d be wrong.  1561 was a huge year for sixpence output, there being x17 different dies in use with several more prepared in case they needed them.  They didn’t and so when 1562 happened, one or two of those x17 dies that hadn’t broken were recycled, along with the unused 1561 “reserve” dies.  They decided a Z made a better number 2 until they saw sense.  There are fewer 156Z/1 dies recorded than straight 62 dies.  £265

 

WTH-7458:  1564/2 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Pheon, Spink 2561.  1564 as a date represents a frequency of 2.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.8% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £125

 

WTH-7459:  1564 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Pheon, Spink 2561b.  1564 (all varieties) as a date represents a frequency of 2.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.8% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins, but you also need to be aware that there are x14 recorded examples of all 1564 dies and ONLY ONE OF THOSE IS A STRAIGHT 64!!  This is a very rare coin and hugely underrated by most people.  £245

 

WTH-7460:  1565 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Rose, Spink 2561b.  Old tickets here.  1565 as a date represents a frequency of 3.8% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  There was some impressive die life this year – only x5 dies are recorded compared to way more for previous years.  Also, even though 64 was a huge year where they must have had many left over dies, either partly used or reserve dies, there are no overdates for 1565.  £175

 

WTH-7316:  1565 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third and fourth issue, initial mark Pheon, 1F bust variety – Spink 2561.  Only five recorded dies.  1565 as a date represents a frequency of 3.8% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £125

 

WTH-7461:  1566 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Portcullis, Spink 2562.  1566 as a date represents a frequency of 4.1% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.0% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  There was some impressive die life this year – only x5 dies are recorded compared to way more for previous years with a single 66 being recycled in 1567.  An attractive coin.  £195

 

WTH-7462:  1567 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Coronet, Spink 2562.  1567 as a date represents a frequency of 6.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.8% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £235

 

WTH-7463:  1572 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Ermine, Spink 2562.  1572 as a date represents a frequency of 5.7% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 5.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £185

 

WTH-7464:  1573 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Third & Fourth issues, initial mark Acorn, Spink 2563.  1573 as a date represents a frequency of 4.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 5.3% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £185

 

WTH-7465:  1578 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Fifth Issue, initial mark Greek Cross, Spink 2572.  1578 as a date represents a frequency of 3.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  A lovely grade coin.  £355

 

WTH-7467:  1580 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Fifth Issue, initial mark Latin Cross, Spink 2572.  1580 as a date represents a frequency of 3.7% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 4.1% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  Only x4 straight 1580 dies used with a further x2 on recycled 1579 dies.  Interestingly, no 1580 dies were recycled post this date.  £145

 

WTH-7089:  1584 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark A, sixth issue.  Spink 2578A. 1584 as a date represents a frequency of 1.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.8% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1584 is the eighteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  £145

 

WTH-7540:  1588 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Crescent, Spink 2578A.  1588 as a date represents a frequency of 0.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 0.2% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1588 is the fourth rarest of all forty two dates.  However, it is probably the number one date on collectors’ wish-lists, even over the hens’ teeth 1597 date.  Only a single die is recorded for 1588, which is not surprising considering its rarity.  Further, there are no overdates recorded for this date which is totally to be expected because as far as I’m able to ascertain, all 1588 coins started out life as 158- coins, presumably in the previous year of 1587, that being reasonably prolific in terms of die varieties.  You can literally see that the final 8 in the date (and by the way, the date is one of the clearest I’ve seen in any 1588 sixpence – they’re usually problematic) is higher than the preceding 158, indicating that it was stamped in after the coin was struck.  And of course, 1588 is the date of the Armada which is another reason why this particular date is so keenly sought after.  £355 RESERVED (M.He.19-9-22 Lay-Away)

 

WTH-6713:  1589 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Crescent, sixth issue.  Spink 2578A.  1589 as a date represents a frequency of 0.5% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 0.5% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1589 is the seventh rarest of all forty two dates.  £135

 

WTH-7496:  1591 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Hand, Spink 2578A.  There are two dies – a 1591/0 and this straight 1591, which was actually a 159- coin struck in quantity at the start of the decade with the final digit and initial mark to be inserted as appropriate, depending on what year it was.  1591 as a date represents a frequency of 1.2% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.2% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1591 is the fifteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  These later dates are all rarer compared to the earlier dates but more than that, the later dates tend to be of poor workmanship and perhaps even lower grade.  This is one of the better examples of a 1590’s coin I’ve seen.  £345 RESERVED (M.H.1-9-22 Lay-Away)

 

WTH-7092:  1592 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Initial mark Tun, sixth issue.  Spink 2578B. 1592 as a date represents a frequency of 2.5% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.4% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £95

 

WTH-5986:  1594 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Woolpack. Spink 2578b.   A better late date.  1594 as a date represents a frequency of 2.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.6% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  £135

 

WTH-7468:  1594/3 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth Issue, initial mark Woolpack, Spink 2578b.  1594 as a date represents a frequency of 2.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.6% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  Only x5 dies for this year in total – x2 straight 94s; x3 94/3.  Strangely, I’ve actually seen a lot more straight 94 coins in my time.  A lovely coin considering its late date.  £145

 

WTH-7469:  1595 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth Issue, initial mark Woolpack, Spink 2578b.  1595 as a date represents a frequency of 1.0% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.1% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1595 is the thirteenth rarest of all forty two dates.  Not a single overdate recorded for this year so all freshly sunk dies.  A lovely coin considering its late date, and rare.  £225

 

WTH-7319:  1596 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Key, Spink 2578B.  One of the rare years - 1596 as a date represents a frequency of 0.7% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 1.0% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1596 is the eleventh rarest of all forty two dates.  A grand total of three recorded dies (one of which is 9/6, another being bereft of any initial mark whatsoever) illustrates just how rare a year this is.  Unusually for these rare later dates, this coin is actually very nice grade for issue.  £295

 

WTH-7541:  1597 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Sixth issue, initial mark Key, Spink 2578A.  1597 as a date represents a frequency of <0.04% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and <0.03% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1597 is the rarest of all forty two dates.  Only a single die is recorded for 1597, which is not surprising considering its extreme rarity.  Further, as with 1588, there are no overdates recorded for this date which is totally to be expected because as far as I’m able to ascertain, all 1597 coins started out life as 159- coins, presumably in the previous years of 1595 or 1596, both being reasonably prolific in terms of die varieties.  You can literally see that the final 7 in the date is lower than the preceding 159, indicating that it was stamped in after the coin was struck.  This final digit was also stamped twice, which I’ve not seen before.  Keen-eyed observes may question whether the 9 has followed the same path as the 7 because there is clearly a ghosting of an underlying 9 below.  Rest assured that this is not the case – the 9 is simply a result of a slight double strike when creating the 159- coin.  The reverse initial mark is probably the best indicator of the double strike.  Ex Walter Wilkinson collection (before he moved onto his famous WW tickets) and the old ticket of the dealer who supplied the great collector himself.  Tickets here.  So, a remarkably good grade coin for such a late issue, a coin which shows clearly the mint’s “early preparation” policy, the rarest date in the entire series bar none, and ex Walter Wilkinson.  Can there be any more?!!  A superb coin.  £745 RESERVED (M.He.19-9-22 Lay-Away)

 

WTH-7470:  1601 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Seventh Issue, initial mark 1, Spink 2585.  1601 as a date represents a frequency of 0.6% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 0.7% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  1601 is the tenth rarest of all forty two dates.  These later date coin, and you don’t get much later than this, other than the obvious, were nearly always poorly struck, often using dies of a lesser standard compared to the start of the reign.  This coin is stunning, easily being the best grade example I’ve ever had, or probably seen.  If it wasn’t for the damage, it would be a four figure coin.  £225

 

WTH-7174:  1602 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Seventh issue, initial mark 2 – the last ever date in the lengthy Elizabeth 1st sixpence series.  Spink 2585.  1602 as a date represents a frequency of 1.9% for the 2,716 recorded single finds of Elizabeth 1st coins and 2.1% for all 5,588 recorded Elizabeth 1st hoard coins.  Sold with an auction printout as well as a collector’s cabinet ticket.  £125

 

 

 

Groats

 

WTH-6798:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Lis, rarer first issue.  Spink 2551A.  These bust 1G first issue hammered groats were only struck for a very few months – Spring 1560 to 8th November 1560.  This is a really interesting and somewhat rare coin as both the obverse and reverse dies were literally the much smaller first issue halfgroat dies.  £245

 

WTH-6723:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Lis, rarer first issue.  Spink 2551A.  These bust 1G first issue hammered groats were only struck for a very few months – Spring 1560 to 8th November 1560.  This is a really interesting and somewhat rare coin as both the obverse and reverse dies were literally the much smaller first issue halfgroat dies.  £225

 

WTH-6572:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Martlet, second issue, 9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561.  Spink 2556.  Second issue Martlet hammered groats were only struck for a total of 10 months (9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561) – the Martlet and Cross Crosslet were the last Groat issues even though Elizabeth reigned for a further 40+ years.  £255

 

WTH-6594:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Groat.  Initial mark Martlet, second issue, 9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561.  Spink 2556.  Second issue Martlet hammered groats were only struck for a total of 10 months (9th December 1560 to 24th October 1561) – the Martlet and Cross Crosslet were the last Groat issues even though Elizabeth reigned for a further 40+ years.  £275

 

 

 

Threepences

 

WTH-7300:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Rare Large Flan Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third and Fourth Issues of 1561-77, rose behind Queen, reverse dated.  Large 15mm flan (in fact, this one is nearer to 16mm), Spink 2564.  Creased and straightened, with some resultant cracking, as so many of these newly introduced issues were – the public were still on hightened alert for fakes after the numismatic escapades of Elizabeth’s father, Henry VIII, and her bother, Edward VI, although to be fair, the early issues of Edward VI, extremely debased as they were, had very little to do with the Edward.  It is unusual to see dated threepences for the 1560’s but they obviously do exist.  1561 was something of a prolific year for threepences BUT, this very first issue of 1561, in fact the very first Elizabeth 1st threepence issued), with it’s large flan, is represented by a single die only.  Brown, Comber & Wilkinson postulate that this large flan threepence was a two month trial period of experimentation.  The start date of production was 26th October 1561 and the end date – the date where they decided to change to the smaller flans, was December 1561 or early January 1562.  A rare and important coin.  £345

 

WTH-6904:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Tudor Dated Threepence.  Third & fourth issues, Spink 2565.  Initial mark pheon – only in use from 26th October 1561 (to 30th Sept 1565) and is rarely seen on this denomination with this initial mark.  The very first dated threepence issued under Elizabeth 1st.  £165

 

WTH-7312:  1563 over 2 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third & fourth issues, initial mark Pheon, Spink 2565.  Just like the sixpence, 1563 is one of the rarest dates in the entire series.  There are only x2 dies recorded by Brown, Comber & Wilkinson (2006) for 1563 and further, only one of those is this overdate.  Ex Dupree (a well respected collection) and ex Capozollo.  A rare coin.  £245

 

WTH-6791:  1564 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Pheon / Broad Arrow.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2565.  A rarer date.  £95

 

WTH-7287:  1566 Rare Date Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Tudor Threepence.  Initial mark Portcullis.  Third and fourth issues, smaller flan, regular bust, Spink 2565.  Not so rare in sixpences but when you consider that there were only TWO 1566 threepence dies in use, with NO overdates (2006 data), it’s rare in threepences.  A general rule of thumb you may wish to note is that 1560’s Elizabeth 1st coins, bar sixpences, are rarer.  This date is an extremely rare year.  Excellent grade - much better in the hand than the images suggest, hence the extra cheap camera phone image I’ve included.  £265

 

WTH-5797:  1567 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Coronet.  A rarer pre 1570’s date.  Spink 2566.  £155

 

WTH-7418:  1568 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence in Higher Grade.  Third and fourth issues (although Wilkinson, Comber & Brown go further by designated this as Third Coinage only), initial mark Coronet.  Spink 2566.  I’ve been asked several times about the odd looking 8 in 1568 coinage.  It looks for all it’s worth to be an 8 over 7, but in fact they are all straight 68 dates unless you can see the ghosting of the angled diagonal of the 7 under the 8.  The die sinkers simply gave the 8 a flat top.  This coin benefits from yet another unusual feather in that the bottom circle of the 8 is broken!  There is a rarer variety where the flat top of the 8 is on the bottom, ie an inverted 8 but interestingly, this coin is actually rarer than the inverted 8 3d types!  1568 threepences utilised only three dies – 68/7 (the 8 being inverted), 68 (the 8 being inverted), and a 1568 with “normal” flat topped 8, meaning the flat topped 8 1568 threepence is rarer by 2:1.  An interesting coin and much, much better grade than normally seen.  £225

 

WTH-7088:  1570 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Castle, third and fourth issues, Spink 2566. Ex Eccles collection.  £95

 

WTH-7377:  1571 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third and fourth issues, initial mark Castle.  Spink 2566.  A very pleasing example.  £185

 

WTH-7417:  1572 (2 over inverted 2) Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third and fourth issues (although Wilkinson, Comber & Brown go further by designated this as Third Coinage only), initial mark Ermine.  Spink 2566.  A really interesting die sinker’s error where the final 2 of the date was originally inverted or upside down.  Quality control picked up on this (ie someone happened to notice it!) and so rather than start a new die from scratch, they simply put a correctly orientated 2 over the top of the error.  This is a single die (you’ll be pleased to hear the mistake was not repeated!) and can be chronologically attributed to the very first issue of 1572, ie 19th April onwards.  £185

 

WTH-6669:  1573 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Acorn.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2566.  Acorn was only used for 6 months in total (1st November 1573 - 25th May 1574) so this year and initial mark combination were only in operation for x2 months.  It is a rare initial mark but coupled with this date, it is rarer still.  £115

 

WTH-6649:  1574 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine.  Third and fourth issues, Spink 2566.  Very nice grade.  £139

 

WTH-7301:  1575/4 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Third and fourth issue, initial mark Eglantine, ear showing.  Spink 2566.  A very nice grade coin but perhaps of more interest is the overdate: 1575/4.  Brown, Comber & Wilkinson published that only a single recorded 75/4 die was known in 2006.  In the intervening years, more examples have been unearthed resulting in x3 dies now being known and a miniscule 9 recorded examples of this overdate only.  For those interested, Eglantine spanned 29th May 1574 to 13th July 1578 so it is clear to see what happened – as the year turned to 1575, the 74 Eglantine dies were still good enough to use, thus initial mark Eglantine was able to remain and a simple date adjustment to the die (although if that’s all they had to do, you have to question the skill of the die sinker based on the result!) sufficed.  £175

 

WTH-7249:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine, third & fourth issues, regular bust, Spink 2566.  This particular initial mark was relatively long-lived, being introduced 29th May 1574 and shelved 13th July 1578.  However, 1575 dated coins are represented by a single die only.  This is most surprising until we realise that there were actually plenty of 1575 dies sunk, but they were not used in 1575.  There is a 1575/4, which I only mention for context.  The bulk of the 1575 unused reverse dies were: 1576/5, 1577/5, 1577/6/5, 1578/7/5.  An unusually high grade example and a rare date / im combination.  Rare on both counts.  £235

 

WTH-7389:  1576/5 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Tudor Threepence.  Initial mark Eglantine, third & fourth issues.  Spink 2566.  A rarer year with only one straight 76 die and this modified 76 over 75 die according to Brown, Comber & Wilkinson.  £165

 

WTH-6610:  1578 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Initial mark Greek Cross - only in production for three short months: 1st Oct 1578 - 31st Dec 1578.  Spink 2573.  Lovely grade.  £129

 

WTH-7378:  1579 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Threepence.  Fifth issue, initial mark Greek Cross.  Spink 2573.  Just the single die pairing being recorded by Comber, Wilkinson & Brown, although there was another pair prepared which were not used in 1579 but were overdated and used in 1580.  This coin is not far off being as struck, although the obverse strike quality could have been better.  £195

 

 

 

Halfgroats

 

WTH-7114:  1567-70 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Third & Fourth issue, Spink 2567.  Remarkably full flan and an impressive 0.93 grams.  I don’t actually recall seeing a halfgroat as good as this, at least not for awhile.  You often see high grade pennies, fractions and even threepences but the halfgroat invariably turns up looking very much the worse for wear.  £185

 

WTH-7313:  1584-86 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Sixth issue, initial mark Escallop, Spink 2579.  Collectors will be aware that of all the smaller denominations, the halfgroats suffered most in terms of clipping, wear and sometimes the quality of actual coinage leaving the mint.  Finding a really nice halfgroat is virtually impossible whereas pennies, and even the fractions, are relatively abundant.  £175

 

WTH-7379:  1596-99 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Sixth issue, initial mark Key.  Spink 2579.  Three dies recorded but really, what a marvellous example of a halfgroat!  Collectors will be aware that of all the smaller denominations, the halfgroats suffered most in terms of clipping, wear and sometimes the quality of actual coinage leaving the mint.  Finding a really nice halfgroat is virtually impossible whereas pennies, and even the fractions, are relatively abundant.  This coin is full flan and actually doesn’t show much evidence of circulation.  £225 RESERVED (M.J.26-9-22)

 

WTH-6359:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Initial mark 0, last of the sixth issue, 1st May 1600 – 20th May 1601.  Spink 2579.  £55

 

WTH-6704:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Initial mark 1, penultimate coinage of the seventh issue, 29th July 1601 – 14th May 1602.  Spink 2586.  Full flan, clear legends, and very nice grade.  The obverse is double struck on the bust.  £65

 

WTH-7488:  1601 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Seventh issue, initial mark 1.  Spink 2586.  Nice grade and sold with a detailed annotated coin envelope.  £125

 

WTH-7359:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Halfgroat.  Sixth issue, initial mark 1 – 1601.  Spink 2586.  Extra image here (didn’t turn out that well).  Ex Dr E. Burstall collection.  Collectors will be aware that of all the smaller denominations, the halfgroats suffered most in terms of clipping, wear and sometimes the quality of actual coinage leaving the mint.  Finding a really nice halfgroat is virtually impossible whereas pennies, and even the fractions, are relatively abundant.  This coin is full flan with little signs of circulation.  £175 

 

 

 

Three Halfpence

 

WTH-6970:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence. Initial mark Pheon –Spink 2569.  1561, although third and fourth issue, is the very first date ever for this rarer denomination.  £135

 

WTH-6643:  1573 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence – a very rare x2 month only issue.  Initial mark Acorn – commenced operation on 1st November 1573 so very late on in 1573.  Spink 2569.  An uncommon denomination with a very rare date / initial mark combination.  £185

 

WTH-6825:  1575 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Halfpence.  Initial mark eglantine.  Spink 2569.  A relatively high grade example of a dated, less common denomination Elizabeth 1st silver coin.  Reported to be part of an old hoard – I only managed to buy a couple of the coins, the other being a 1561 three halfpence which is now sold.  £185

 

 

 

Pennies

 

WTH-7360:  Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Penny.  Third & fourth issue, initial mark Crescent, 1587-89.  Spink 2580.  Ex Dr E. Burstall collection.  £69

 

WTH-7380:  1583-85 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Penny.  Ex Walter Wilkinson, ex K.B.Coins. ex Mike Vosper – tickets here.  Initial mark A, sixth issue, Spink 2580.  A rarer ”R variety – see WW ticket.  £125

 

WTH-7549:  Rare Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Penny.  Second issue, initial mark Cross Crosslet, Spink 2558.  Excellent grade but more significantly, this is the rare E:D:G:ROSA.SINE.SPINE variety, (should read SINE.SPINA.  This is recorded (indeed, there is also a SINE.SIE variety) but they are single dies and thus rare.  It’s the first I’ve ever had.  Interestingly, this SPINE die error was repeated in the sixth coinage on the penny, perhaps implying that some people never learn?!   £285

 

 

 

Three Farthings

 

WTH-7332:  1561 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  The three farthings – a bizarre dated fractional denomination – started in 1561 and ended in 1582 (with just x15 dates used), never to see the numismatic light of day again.  Interestingly, the Elizabethan public would not have been as flabbergasted at the introduction of this odd coin as perhaps we are: Irish base coinage was circulating at this time in England at 25% face value and the earlier English base issue halfgroats were officially reduced in September 1560 as, wait for it… three farthings.  The public of the day were well aware of this required fractional calculation.  Only three different dies recorded for this date.  Initial mark Pheon, which didn’t even start production until the end of the year in 26th October 1561!!  This coin ex Dr Tony Abramson (he paid £85 in 1989), ex Leeds Museum Winter 1994/5 display and ex Spink, the latter having been tasked with dispersing the Abrahamson collection in 2021.  Tickets here.  Spink 2571.  A most interesting coin.  £265

 

WTH-7432:  1562 Elizabeth I Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  Initial mark pheon, third and fourth coinage.  Spink 2571.  A very rare date for this denomination as for the straight 2, there was only the single die in use at the tail end of the year (prior to this they were using recycled 1561 dies, ie 1562/1).  It got so little usage in 1562 that in was recycled in 1564 (there was no issue of this denomination in 1563) as a 1564/2.  The three farthings wasn’t even worth a penny and yet they went to a great deal of effort to create the dies for this unlikely fractional unit, incorporating a date and really working on sinking dies on an almost microscopic level, especially when you consider they only had daylight or candlelight and with little of today’s magnification techniques.  Die sinkers in particular often lost their eyesight in later life, and of course, “later life” in Tudor times was probably around 40 or younger!  The three farthings – a bizarre dated fractional denomination – started in 1561 and ended in 1582 (with just x15 dates used), never to see the numismatic light of day again.  Interestingly, the Elizabethan public would not have been as flabbergasted at the introduction of this odd coin as perhaps we are: Irish base coinage was circulating at this time in England at 25% face value and the earlier English base issue halfgroats were officially reduced in September 1560 as, wait for it… three farthings.  The public of the day were well aware of this required fractional calculation.  An iconic denomination, unique to Elizabeth 1st,    £265

 

WTH-7434:  1575 over 5 Elizabeth 1st Hammered Silver Three Farthings.  Initial mark eglantine, third and fourth coinage.  Spink 2571.  Rare over-date, completely unrecorded by Comber, Wilkinson.  1575 was a single die year with the same die in use in the following year as a modified / recycled 1576/5, thus showing that very few 1575 three halfpence were struck, and a further two 1575 dies, which were prepared but never used in that year, used in 1578 (1578/5), 1579 (1579/5) and 1581 (1581/75).  The three farthings wasn’t even worth a penny and yet they went to a great deal of effort to create the dies for this unlikely fractional unit, incorporating a date and really working on sinking dies on an almost microscopic level, especially when you consider they only had daylight or candlelight and with little of today’s magnification techniques.  Die sinkers in particular often lost their eyesight in later life, and of course, “later life” in Tudor times was probably around 40 or younger!  The three farthings – a bizarre dated fractional denomination – started in 1561 and ended in 1582 (with just x15 dates used), never to see the numismatic light of day again.  Interestingly, the Elizabethan public would not have been as flabbergasted at the introduction of this odd coin as perhaps we are: Irish base coinage was circulating at this time in England at 25% face value and the earlier English base issue halfgroats were officially reduced in September 1560 as, wait for it… three farthings.  The public of the day were well aware of this required fractional calculation.  An iconic denomination, unique to Elizabeth 1st.  £295

 

 

 

Halfpennies

 

WTH-7497:  1587-89 Elizabeth 1st Milled Silver Halfpenny.  Sixth issue, initial mark Crescent.  Spink 2581.  Ex David Rogers’ collection.  I had a similar coin from the famous Chris Comber collection and on his ticket, he had Crescent down as a “Rare Mark”.  For those collectors interested in marrying up coins with historical events, 1588 is the date of the Spanish Armada.  £145

 

 

 

“Other”

 

WTH-7390:  Elizabeth 1st Queen Under Canopy Copper Jetton or Medalet.  Struck under the reign of King James 1st, 1610-15, by Hans Krauwinkel at Nuremberg.  All “monarch under canopy” jettons are rare.  Ex Porter (1994), ex Walter Wilkinson.  £145