Norman Kings

(see also “Saxon” section for earlier English Hammered coins)


William The Conqueror (AD 1066 - 1087).  Norman King Read about William I


WMH-6513:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  York mint: +ALIÐOLF.ON.EO (Althurolf of York), Bonnet type (B.M.C. 2), 1068-70.  Spink 1251.  From the collection of Dr John Sharpe, former Archbishop of York, 1691-1714: Dr John Sharp (1644-1714), Archbishop of York from 1691 was an enthusiastic collector and student of coins and medals; his interest seems to have begun around 1687 when, as Rector of St Giles in the Fields, he ‘found it a good divertisement in the evening’. In contrast to nearly all his numismatic forbears and contemporaries who were interested in Ancient Greece and Rome, Sharp selected the coinages of the British Isles and, to a lesser extent, the Colonies and Continental Europe, as his chosen fields. He wrote his ‘Observations on the Coinage of England with a letter to Mr [Ralph] Thoresby’ in 1698-99, which was to circulate amongst numismatists in manuscript form for nearly a century before being finally printed in 1785.  Subsequent owners of the Sharp collection evidently added to the collection. The historical sequence of ownership of the collection runs as follows:

(i) Dr John Sharp (1644-1714), Archbishop of York;

(ii).John Sharp (1674-1726), eldest son of the Archbishop, of Grafton Park, Northamptonshire;

(iii) Dr Thomas Sharp (1693-1758), his brother, who was Archdeacon of Northumberland and Prebendary of Durham;

(iv).His son Dr John Sharp (1723-1792), Vicar of Hartburn, Perpetual Curate of Bamburgh, who succeeded his father as Archdeacon of Northumberland and who oversaw extensive restoration of the largely-ruined Bamburgh Castle;

(v) His daughter Anne Jemima Sharp (1762-1816), who bequeathed it in her will to her uncle Granville Sharp (1735-1813), the prominent Anti-Slavery campaigner. In the event Granville died before his niece, so that on her death in 1819 it passed to her first cousin, another great-granddaughter of the Archbishop:

(vi) Catherine Sharp (1770-1843) of Clare Hall, near Barnet, whose husband Rev. Andrew Boult took the name Sharp on marriage;

(vii) Her nephew Thomas Barwick Lloyd-Baker (1807-86), the social reformer and ornithologist who was also a direct descendant of the Archbishop through his maternal grandfather William Sharp (1729-1810), George III’s surgeon; thence by descent.

During the 1960s and 1970s material from the celebrated Archbishop Sharp Collection was sold through the agency of dealers A.H. Baldwin & Sons, and Owen Parsons of Gloucester. There were auctions of Continental Coins (Sotheby & Co., 14 March 1966) and the particularly important English Coins and Medals Charles I – Anne (and Colonial Coins) held by Glendining & Co., 5 October 1977. The cataloguer of the latter sale drew attention to the distinctive toning found on many of the Archbishop Sharp silver coins, a feature which applies equally to the piece offered here. Some of these have been studied and occasionally referenced in the past.  £975


WMH-6060:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Lincoln mint: +PHITRICE.ON.LINI, Two Stars type (B.M.C. 5).  Good legends, strong portrait, rarer type, better mint town – a very nice Norman coin.  £725 RESERVED (V.S.24-2-19)


WMH-6476:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Wallingford (Oxford) mint: +SPARTBRAND.ON.P, Sword type (B.M.C. 6, circa 1077-80).  Spink 1255.  There are x89 William 1st Wallingford coins listed on the EMC & SCBI database with only three being BMC 6 and non of those Swartbrand.  This is a hugely rare type-mint combination being unrecorded on EMC & SCBI.  £1,295


WMH-6389:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Sandwich mint: +IELFHEH.ON.SAND, Profile right type (B.M.C. 7).  Spink 1256 (listed £3,000 for type and moneyer in 2017).  The rarest of the William 1st types and from a rare mint town – there are only two examples of this type and moneyer listed on the EMC and SCBI databases with one of those being a fragment and the other not as good as this coin.  Ex Lord Stewartby, ex Spink.  Excessively rare and choice.  £2,395


WMH-5913:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Salisbury mint: +GODPINE.ON.SIERI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  Beautifully toned and from a rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £880


WMH-6123:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Salisbury mint: +OSBERN.ON.SIERI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  Beautifully toned and from a rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £880


WMH-6400:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Lewes mint: +PINRAEP.ON.LEPI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  A rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £780




William “Rufus” II (AD 1087 - 1100).  Norman King Read about William II


WMH-5721:  William “Rufus” II Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. ii – cross in quatrefoil type, 1089-92.  +FOLCIERDE-ON-ÐE.  Folcard of Thetford (East Anglia).  Spink 1259.  Struck on a slightly wavy flan otherwise problem-free.  An apparently unrecorded die for this very rare “key monarch” Norman penny.  £2,350


WMH-6097:  William “Rufus” II Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. iv (cross pattée and fleury), circa 1095-98.  Spink 1261, North 855.  1.26 grams.  “+NIREPORÐ ON TAM.  Nireworth of Tamworth Tamworth being the ancient capital of Mercia.  Completely unrecorded type for the Tamworth mint.  Completely unrecorded moneyer throughout the entire Norman and Saxon series for any mint town.  An extremely rare mint town for all monarchs, there being only six Norman and four Saxon pennies in total listed on the EMC database for Tamworth (obviously none for Wm II type iv).  The BMC lists three Norman Tamworth pennies for Wm II types i & ii only (moneyers Bruninc & Culinc).  None for type iv.  The Elmore-Jones collection had seven Saxon Tamworth pennies.  He also had both the William II type ii coins mentioned above (Colinc & Bruninc) in the BMC database as well as a William 1st Bonnet type ii (Colinc) which was again the BMC coin.  It just goes to show how good a yardstick the Elmore-Jones collection is because not only are seven Tamworth Saxon pennies unprecedented in a private collection (a number greater than the EMC) but he also managed to get both the BMC Tamworth Wm II pennies (there were only three) as well as a Wm 1st Tamworth penny which was also in the BMC. The anomaly in the photograph (reverse edge, between 6 and 7 o’clock) which looks like a split or crack is in fact a slight double strike that you can’t see without a lens (or this highly detailed image).  The coin is totally problem-free having no cracks, chips or repairs.  It rings as well as any coin when dropped.  A high grade coin with attractive toning.  Sold with several tickets, one of which is a CNG ticket from 2014.  In terms of unique coins, this ticks all the boxes.  Spink have recently (September 2018) sold a William II BMC I Tamworth penny for £12,000 plus 25% commission, so a hefty £15,000.  See here and here.  Buy this coin for zero commission – in fact I’ll take money off!!   £5,700 


WMH-6727:  William “Rufus” II Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. v – cross fleury & piles type, 1098-1100.  +GODPINE-ON-PINE.  Godwine of Winchester.  Spink 1262.  BMC 5 is, contrary to what Spink say, the single rarest of the five types for Wm II.  Of all recorded examples (BMC, EMC, SCBI etc), the results are as follows:


BMC i - 19%

BMC ii - 35%

BMC iii - 27%

BMC iv - 10%

BMC v - 9%. 


Ex Commander R.P. Mack collection (famous for his research on Norman coinage, particularly Stephen and the Anarchy), 1929.  Comes with a variety of paperwork - see image.  A rare coin.  £1,750




Henry I (AD 1100 - 1135).  Norman King Read about Henry I


WMH-6308:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. IV – cross & piles issue of 1105 only.  Aelfwine of London.  Some ligation to reverse legend (N-E and O-L).  A very early Henry 1st issue, pre-dating the official test cut practice.  A high grade, well struck example in a notoriously badly struck issue.  £1,555


WMH-5799:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. VI – pointed bust with stars.  Full frontal crowned bust of Henry 1st, vertical sceptre to king’s right, three large stars to king’s left.  GODRIC of Lincoln.  This is an exceptionally rare issue, being struck in AD 1107 only.  Whilst B.M.C. VIII is probably harder to source, B.M.C. VI coins are priced higher in Spink (B.M.C. VI have the highest valuation for any Henry 1st penny).  There are only two B.M.C. VI Lincoln coins listed on the EMC database, one of which is this coin (reference 2013.0242, found Market Rasen).  A very rare coin.  £1,895


WMH-6322:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. VII, quatrefoil with piles type.  Moneyer:  Godwine of Wallingford.  Spink 1268.  Whilst Godwine is recorded as being a moneyer at the mint, Godwine is NOT known for type 7.  This coin effectively re-writes the reference books.  The official test cut at 5 o’clock is as expected.  Type 7 coins are rare coins, as are Wallingford mint coins.  A unique coin.  £1,995


WMH-5672:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. IX, cross in quatrefoil type, 1109 only.  Mint and moneyer:  DEREMAN of London.  Official test cut done before the coin left the mint.  This was to reassure the public that the coin was genuine (ie silver) and not a plated counterfeit.  Rare coin.  £455


WMH-6523:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. X, facing bust / cross fleury type, 1117 only.  Mint and moneyer:  ALGAR of Southwark.  Rarer mint, rarer type.  £585


WMH-6566:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. XI, double inscription type, 1119 only.  Mint and moneyer:  PVLFGAR of London.  Spink 1272 and one of the rarest of all the Henry 1st types.  Official test cut at 11 o’clock (obv) which is entirely as expected.  Full flan and weight of 1.37 grams / 21.1 grains.  Weakly struck on the face – extra image here.  No examples recorded on the EMC or SCBI databases.  A very rare coin.  £1,275


WMH-6423:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. XIII, star in lozenge fleury type, 1121 only.  Mint and moneyer:  WULFGAR of London.  Spink 1274 - one of the rarer of the Henry 1st fifteen types.  Listed at £1,250 but although this is a London mint coin, the mint-moneyer combination is rare, there being only two other recorded examples on the SCBI / EMC databases.  £1,150




Stephen (AD 1135 - 1154).  Norman King Read about Stephen


Irregular “Royalist” Civil War Issues:


WMH-6321:  Stephen Hammered Silver Norman “Eastern Variant” Civil War Penny.  An irregular Lincoln Eastern variant, Spink 1289 (var), North 904 (var).  Obverse bust with unnaturally long hair coming down over the collar.  The initial mark is extremely large and of an unprecedented, crude design which marries up with the reverse cross.  The S of STEPHANVS is at 90 degrees.  Predominantly course work.  The reverse in an enigma.  It appears as though there were two different dies used as opposed to a single, double struck die.  Moneyer RODGER of Lincoln, reverse design plain cross with fleurs in angles.  The plain cross is of a crude, local design and is not the usual thick, stumpy neat work cross that other recorded examples exhibit.  The reverse cross on this coin is similar to the unusual obverse initial mark cross.  The coin is unclipped and is about the same grade as it left the mint.  Found Mablethorpe (Eastern England) some time ago.  Very much from local, crude dies and as such, unexpectedly well struck and undamaged.  £1,650 RESERVED (J.K.28-12-18 – layaway)


WMH-6595:  Stephen Hammered Silver Norman “Southern Variant” Civil War Penny.  An irregular Lincoln Southern issue, Spink 1301, North 897.  Obverse facing bust very much reminiscent of the earlier William 1st BMC 2 bonnet type.  Reverse is lozenge fleury.   Moneyer PAINE of Lincoln.  Ex Roderick Richardson (£1,600 in 2004) and a reverse die pair to the Lockett example which was sold on his death in 1950.  A very rare coin.  £995 RESERVED (J.K.28-12-18 – layaway)


WMH-6673:  Stephen Hammered Silver Norman “Northern / Scottish Borders” Variant Civil War Penny.  Newcastle mint.  Local, crude dies copying the Watford BMC i types.  Sold with some old tickets, one of which states this coin sold for £1,000 in 2012.  Spink 2019 rate Newcastle standard Stephen pennies at £1,750.  It is noted that Mack had only two Newcastle irregular examples.  A very rare coin.  £1,375 RESERVED (J.K.4-2-19 – layaway)



Cross Moline “Watford” issue (B.M.C. i):


WMH-5977:  Stephen Norman Kings’ CHESTER Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Almer of Chester.   Only one Stephen B.M.C. 1 Chester penny listed on the EMC database (different moneyer and not an obverse die pair).  The Mack Collection (1977) contained no Stephen Chester examples of any type.  The Stack Collection (1999) contained no Stephen Chester examples of any type.  The extensive Elmore Jones Collection (1971) contained a single Stephen Chester example (B.M.C. 1, Almer).  Chester is a rare Norman mint town but it seems particularly rare for Stephen.  £795


WMH-6112:  Stephen Norman Kings’ LINCOLN Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Siguard of Lincoln.  Ex Prestwich Hoard (1971), ex Seaby (1974) with an original Robert Sharman (Seaby) ticket.  Rarer mint town.  £365


WMH-6323:  Stephen Norman Kings’ SALISBURY Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  S(TAN)GH(AN:ON:S)A - Stanung (unusual spelling but variety recorded on EMC) of Salisbury.  Only two examples of this mint town in the South Kyme Hoard and three in the Prestwich Hoard.  Elmore Jones states, " extremely rare mint of the reign".  Joe Bispham has confirmed attribution.  A rare mint town with the added bonus of a quality portrait.  £795


WMH-6364:  Stephen Norman Kings’ HEREFORD Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Die paired to SIBERN of Hereford by Jon Mann, ex Spink and current professional numismatic researcher.  A rare mint town with the added bonus of a quality portrait.  £795


WMH-6408:  Stephen Norman Kings’ DELCA Mint Hammered Silver Halfpenny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Willem of DELCA.  The location of this mint remains unknown to this day.  There are five recorded examples, all from the same dies: three from the 1971 Prestwich Hoard (Lankarshire) of 1,065 mainly Stephen pennies (the important ones such as the DELCA mints all going to major museums and institutions), one from Carnwath, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (NS 9846) and one from Clifton Reynes, Milton Keynes. M/d find, 2009. (EMC 2009.0267).  This coin represents only the sixth known example.  All are the Erased Dies type (North type 873) having a horizontal line to the right of the sceptre.  BNJ 50 (1980), p.51 states:  Another coin of the uncertain mint 'Delca' (Danson 149, given as 'Derby??') has a horizontal line to the right of the king's sceptre which could be either accidental or a somewhat half-hearted attempt at defacement (Three 'Delca' coins of the moneyer Willem, probably from the same reverse die, were found in the Prestwich hoard (Coin Hoards, i (1975), 92, pi. 20, 4).  DELCA was only operational during Stephen’s Cross Moline (Watford) type (1136-45).  An exceptionally rare mint, being even rarer than the Tamworth (William II) and perhaps even the Heden (Stephen) mint coins also listed for sale on this site.  £750


WMH-6552:  Stephen Norman Kings’ WORCESTER Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  (+P)VLFRIC.ON.PIRE(C) - Wulfric of Worcester.  Spink 1278.  Excellent portrait with more legends than normally seen.  Worcester is a rare mint, rated at £900 (for the very commonest coin) by Spink.  You see London mint coins in this grade achieving £1000+ these days.  This is high grade AND Worcester!  £1,195


WMH-6670:  Stephen Norman Kings’ STAMFORD Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  B.M.C. 1 - Cross Moline (Watford) type.  (+S)IPARD.ON.STAN – Sipard of Stamford.  Spink 1278.  Good portrait.  Stamford is a common Saxon mint but a rarer Norman mint, rated at £650 (for the very commonest coin) by Spink.  Sold with a couple of old tickets.  This coin was sold in early 2015 for £400.  The market has moved on a pace since then.  £575



Voided Cross & Stars issue (B.M.C. ii):


WMH-6336:  Stephen Norman Kings’ LONDON Hammered Silver Penny.  Voided cross & stars, B.M.C. II, 1145-50.  (+TE)RRI:D:O(N:LVND) – Terri D of London.  The coin was struck unevenly, resulting in a flat area.  £900 in VF (2016) - this coin is better than VF, being not far “off-struck” with a strong portrait of the king – a king that was weak, unpopular and not even the legitimate monarch.  £595



Cross PommeeAwbridge” issue (B.M.C. vii):


WMH-6189:  Stephen Norman Kings’ HEDON (nr Hull) Hammered Silver Halfpenny.  B.M.C.vii Awbridge type, 1154 – 1158.  Gerard on Hedon.  Ex Jon Mann (his ticket), ex Terry Maudlin collection, ex John Philpot.  Hedon mint was only operational for a few short years.  Originally attributed by Dr Brooke to Hythe, based on the single extant example known at the time:  +GERAR ••• : OИ : hEDV [E ?] (Hunterian Collection in Glasgow), Elmore-Jones in 1949 correctly attributed the mint to Hedon, near Hull.  To be fair, Elmore-Jones had the luxury of examining the second known extant coin at the time, a well struck penny from the Fred Baldwin collection (+GERARD : OИ : hEDVN).   Hedon was an important port for the export of woll to Northern Europe and the Baltic and the import of furs and other articles.  There was a Hedon mint coin sold through DNW in 1995 but I am unable to ascertain whether that was the Fred Baldwin coin or not.  The coin offered here is either the third known example or, according to Jon Mann, either the third, fourth or fifth.  Hedon mint was only active during the Stephen B.M.C.vii Awbridge type of 1154 – 1158 and probably only for the very latter part of that period.  Gerard is the only moneyer for Hedon.  Gerard turns up in York and Lincoln during the Henry II “Tealby” and short cross types.  York in particular is geographically close to Hedon.  The Hedon mint is the rarest English Norman mint bar perhaps DELCA.  See BNJ 26 (1949).  Easily one of the rarest coins for sale anywhere.  Current thinking is that cut half coins were officially cut at the mint and not by traders.  It is interesting to note that several Scandinavian countries sell cut half coins at 50% of the price of a full example, in which case this coin would be close to £4K.  Instead, it is realistically offered at £950




Matilda – Angevin Party (AD 1139 - 1148).  Legitimate and would-be Norman Queen


WMH-6481:  Empress Matilda (Rightful Norman Heir of Henry 1st) Cardiff Hammered Silver Penny.  Cross patonce over cross fleuree in saltire.  Struck 1139-48.  Cardiff mint – moneyer Beorhtmaer.  Ex Coed-y-Wenallt Hoard (June 1980), ex Spink (1982), ex Baldwin’s (1998), ex Coincraft 2010.  [MA]TILLI[S: IMPER:] and [BRIC]MER[:ON:CAIER]D[I].  This exact coin is illustrated in Boon (Coed-y-Wenallt 42).  100% unambiguously Matilda.  The Coed-y-Wenallt Hoard was small but it trebled the number of extant Matilda coins overnight.  The coins in this particular hoard were struck from silver that was brittle and as a result, most coins were found damaged similar to this one.  Cardiff Museum repaired (and obviously recorded) this and all the coins but they did so as a museum should – by making the repair as obvious as they possibly could.  There are skilled repairers of coins in business these days who could take this coin and make it so much better.  Needless to say they wouldn’t be using cheap PVA glue!  The Coincraft ticket is imaged here.  The coin also comes with a detailed printout.  To illustrate the desirability and price of Matilda coins, just last year an example of Spink 1326 sold for £8,000 which was presumably close to £10,000 after commissions.  Details of that coin can be seen here.  Don’t miss this rare opportunity to own one of the most iconic and significant Norman coins of the Civil War period.  £2,850