Norman Kings

(see also “Saxon” section for earlier English Hammered coins)

 

William The Conqueror (AD 1066 - 1087).  Norman King Read about William I

 

WMH-6060:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Lincoln mint: +PHITRICE.ON.LINI, Two Stars type (B.M.C. 5).  Good legends, strong portrait, rarer type, better mint town – a very nice Norman coin.  £725

 

WMH-6389:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Sandwich mint: +IELFHEH.ON.SAND, Profile right type (B.M.C. 7).  Spink 1256 (listed £3,000 for type and moneyer in 2017).  The rarest of the William 1st types and from a rare mint town – there are only two examples of this type and moneyer listed on the EMC and SCBI databases with one of those being a fragment and the other not as good as this coin.  Ex Lord Stewartby, ex Spink.  Excessively rare and choice.  £2,395

 

WMH-5913:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Salisbury mint: +GODPINE.ON.SIERI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  Beautifully toned and from a rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £880

 

WMH-6123:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Salisbury mint: +OSBERN.ON.SIERI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  Beautifully toned and from a rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £880

 

WMH-6400:  William 1st Hammered Norman Penny.  Lewes mint: +PINRAEP.ON.LEPI, PAXS type (B.M.C. 8).  A rare Norman mint town.  There has been some speculation of late as to whether these BMC 8 issues are actually from the reign of William II with one auction house now actually listing BMC 8 coins as William II.  £780

 

 

 

William “Rufus” II (AD 1087 - 1100).  Norman King Read about William II

 

WMH-5721:  William “Rufus” II Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. ii – cross in quatrefoil type, 1089-92.  +FOLCIERDE-ON-ÐE.  Folcard of Thetford (East Anglia).  Spink 1259.  Struck on a slightly wavy flan otherwise problem-free.  An apparently unrecorded die for this very rare “key monarch” Norman penny.  £2,350

 

WMH-6097:  William “Rufus” II Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. iv (cross pattée and fleury), circa 1095-98.  Spink 1261, North 855.  1.26 grams.  “+NIREPORÐ ON TAM.  Nireworth of Tamworth.  Completely unrecorded type for the Tamworth mint.  Completely unrecorded moneyer throughout the entire Norman and Saxon series for any mint town.  An extremely rare mint town for all monarchs, there being only six Norman and four Saxon pennies in total listed on the EMC database for Tamworth (obviously none for Wm II type iv).  The BMC lists three Norman Tamworth pennies for Wm II types i & ii only (moneyers Bruninc & Culinc).  None for type iv.  The Elmore-Jones collection had seven Saxon Tamworth pennies.  He also had both the William II type ii coins mentioned above (Colinc & Bruninc) in the BMC database as well as a William 1st Bonnet type ii (Colinc) which was again the BMC coin.  It just goes to show how good a yardstick the Elmore-Jones collection is because not only is seven Tamworth Saxon pennies unprecedented in a private collection (a number greater than the EMC) but he also managed to get both the BMC Tamworth Wm II pennies (there were only three) as well as a Wm 1st Tamworth penny which was also in the BMC. The anomaly in the photograph (reverse edge, between 6 and 7 o’clock) which looks like a split or crack is in fact a slight double strike that you can’t see without a lens (or this highly detailed image).  The coin is totally problem-free having no cracks, chips or repairs.  It rings as well as any coin when dropped.  A high grade coin with attractive toning.  Sold with several tickets, one of which is a CNG ticket from 2014.  In terms of unique coins, this ticks all the boxes.  £5,700 

 

 

 

Henry I (AD 1100 - 1135).  Norman King Read about Henry I

 

WMH-6308:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. IV – cross & piles issue of 1105 only.  Aelfwine of London.  Some ligation to reverse legend (N-E and O-L).  A very early Henry 1st issue, pre-dating the official test cut practice.  A high grade, well struck example in a notoriously badly struck issue.  £1,555

 

WMH-5799:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. VI – pointed bust with stars.  Full frontal crowned bust of Henry 1st, vertical sceptre to king’s right, three large stars to king’s left.  GODRIC of Lincoln.  This is an exceptionally rare issue, being struck in AD 1107 only.  Whilst B.M.C. VIII is probably harder to source, B.M.C. VI coins are priced higher in Spink (B.M.C. VI have the highest valuation for any Henry 1st penny).  There are only two B.M.C. VI Lincoln coins listed on the EMC database, one of which is this coin (reference 2013.0242, found Market Rasen).  A very rare coin.  £1,895

 

WMH-6322:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. VII, quatrefoil with piles type.  Moneyer:  Godwine of Wallingford.  Spink 1268.  Whilst Godwine is recorded as being a moneyer at the mint, Godwine is NOT known for type 7.  This coin effectively re-writes the reference books.  The official test cut at 5 o’clock is as expected.  Type 7 coins are rare coins, as are Wallingford mint coins.  A unique coin.  £1,995

 

WMH-5672:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. IX, cross in quatrefoil type, 1109 only.  Mint and moneyer:  DEREMAN of London.  Official test cut done before the coin left the mint.  This was to reassure the public that the coin was genuine (ie silver) and not a plated counterfeit.  Rare coin.  £455

 

WMH-6423:  Henry 1st Hammered Silver Norman Penny.  B.M.C. XIII, star in lozenge fleury type, 1121 only.  Mint and moneyer:  WULFGAR of London.  Spink 1274 - one of the rarer of the Henry 1st fifteen types.  Listed at £1,250 but although this is a London mint coin, the mint-moneyer combination is rare, there being only two other recorded examples on the SCBI / EMC databases.  £1,150

 

 

 

Stephen (AD 1135 - 1154).  Norman King Read about Stephen

 

Irregular “Royalist” Civil War Issues:

 

WMH-6321:  Stephen Hammered Silver Norman “Eastern Variant” Civil War Penny.  An irregular Lincoln Eastern variant, Spink 1289 (var), North 904 (var).  Obverse bust with unnaturally long hair coming down over the collar.  The initial mark is extremely large and of an unprecedented, crude design which marries up with the reverse cross.  The S of STEPHANVS is at 90 degrees.  Predominantly course work.  The reverse in an enigma.  It appears as though there were two different dies used as opposed to a single, double struck die.  Moneyer RODGER of Lincoln, reverse design plain cross with fleurs in angles.  The plain cross is of a crude, local design and is not the usual thick, stumpy neat work cross that other recorded examples exhibit.  The reverse cross on this coin is similar to the unusual obverse initial mark cross.  The coin is unclipped and is about the same grade as it left the mint.  Found Mablethorpe (Eastern England) some time ago.  Very much from local, crude dies and as such, unexpectedly well struck and undamaged.  £1,650

 

 

Cross MolineWatford” issue (B.M.C. i):

 

WMH-5977:  Stephen Norman Kings’ CHESTER Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Almer of Chester.   Only one Stephen B.M.C. 1 Chester penny listed on the EMC database (different moneyer and not an obverse die pair).  The Mack Collection (1977) contained no Stephen Chester examples of any type.  The Stack Collection (1999) contained no Stephen Chester examples of any type.  The extensive Elmore Jones Collection (1971) contained a single Stephen Chester example (B.M.C. 1, Almer).  Chester is a rare Norman mint town but it seems particularly rare for Stephen.  £795

 

WMH-6112:  Stephen Norman Kings’ LINCOLN Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Siguard of Lincoln.  Ex Prestwich Hoard (1971), ex Seaby (1974) with an original Robert Sharman (Seaby) ticket.  Rarer mint town.  £365

 

WMH-6323:  Stephen Norman Kings’ SALISBURY Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  S(TAN)GH(AN:ON:S)A - Stanung (unusual spelling but variety recorded on EMC) of Salisbury.  Only two examples of this mint town in the South Kyme Hoard and three in the Prestwich Hoard.  Elmore Jones states, "...an extremely rare mint of the reign".  Joe Bispham has confirmed attribution.  A rare mint town with the added bonus of a quality portrait.  £795

 

WMH-6364:  Stephen Norman Kings’ HEREFORD Hammered Silver Penny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Die paired to SIBERN of Hereford by Jon Mann, ex Spink and current professional numismatic researcher.  A rare mint town with the added bonus of a quality portrait.  £795

 

WMH-6408:  Stephen Norman Kings’ DELCA Mint Hammered Silver Halfpenny.  1136-45.  Cross Moline (Watford) type.  Willem of DELCA.  The location of this mint remains unknown to this day.  There are five recorded examples, all from the same dies: three from the 1971 Prestwich Hoard (Lankarshire) of 1,065 mainly Stephen pennies (the important ones such as the DELCA mints all going to major museums and institutions), one from Carnwath, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (NS 9846) and one from Clifton Reynes, Milton Keynes. M/d find, 2009. (EMC 2009.0267).  This coin represents only the sixth known example.  All are the Erased Dies type (North type 873) having a horizontal line to the right of the sceptre.  BNJ 50 (1980), p.51 states:  Another coin of the uncertain mint 'Delca' (Danson 149, given as 'Derby??') has a horizontal line to the right of the king's sceptre which could be either accidental or a somewhat half-hearted attempt at defacement (Three 'Delca' coins of the moneyer Willem, probably from the same reverse die, were found in the Prestwich hoard (Coin Hoards, i (1975), 92, pi. 20, 4).  DELCA was only operational during Stephen’s Cross Moline (Watford) type (1136-45).  An exceptionally rare mint, being even rarer than the Tamworth (William II) and perhaps even the Heden (Stephen) mint coins also listed for sale on this site.  £750

 

 

Voided Cross & Stars issue (B.M.C. ii):

 

WMH-6336:  Stephen Norman Kings’ LONDON Hammered Silver Penny.  Voided cross & stars, 1145-50.  (+TE)RRI:D:O(N:LVND) – Terri D of London.  The coin was struck unevenly, resulting in a flat area.  £900 in VF (2016) - this coin is better than VF, being not far “off-struck” with a strong portrait of the king – a king that was weak, unpopular and not even the legitimate monarch.  £595

 

 

Cross PommeeAwbridge” issue (B.M.C. vii):

 

WMH-6189:  Stephen Norman Kings’ HEDON (nr Hull) Hammered Silver Halfpenny.  B.M.C.vii Awbridge type, 1154 – 1158.  Gerard on Hedon.  Ex Jon Mann (his ticket), ex Terry Maudlin collection, ex John Philpot.  Hedon mint was only operational for a few short years.  Originally attributed by Dr Brooke to Hythe, based on the single extant example known at the time:  +GERAR ••• : OИ : hEDV [E ?] (Hunterian Collection in Glasgow), Elmore-Jones in 1949 correctly attributed the mint to Hedon, near Hull.  To be fair, Elmore-Jones had the luxury of examining the second known extant coin at the time, a well struck penny from the Fred Baldwin collection (+GERARD : OИ : hEDVN).   Hedon was an important port for the export of woll to Northern Europe and the Baltic and the import of furs and other articles.  There was a Hedon mint coin sold through DNW in 1995 but I am unable to ascertain whether that was the Fred Baldwin coin or not.  The coin offered here is either the third known example or, according to Jon Mann, either the third, fourth or fifth.  Hedon mint was only active during the Stephen B.M.C.vii Awbridge type of 1154 – 1158 and probably only for the very latter part of that period.  Gerard is the only moneyer for Hedon.  Gerard turns up in York and Lincoln during the Henry II “Tealby” and short cross types.  York in particular is geographically close to Hedon.  The Hedon mint is the rarest English Norman mint bar perhaps DELCA.  See BNJ 26 (1949).  Easily one of the rarest coins for sale anywhere.  Current thinking is that cut half coins were officially cut at the mint and not by traders.  It is interesting to note that several Scandinavian countries sell cut half coins at 50% of the price of a full example, in which case this coin would be close to £4K.  Instead, it is realistically offered at £950

 

 

 

Matilda – Angevin Party (AD 1139 - 1148).  Legitimate and would-be Norman Queen

 

WMH-6341:  Empress Matilda (Rightful Norman Heir of Henry 1st) Cardiff Hammered Silver Penny.  1139-48.  Cross patonce over cross fleuree in saltire.  Cardiff mint.  Extra very large images here and here.  Ex Coed-y-Wenalt Hoard of June, 1980.  Clear flowing hair of Matilda and legend reading :IM(.HE.MA.).  The reverse design (Spink 1326B) is unique to Matilda, and specifically Matilda coins from this single hoard, as is the obverse legend.  There was speculation that IM.HE.MA represented a unification of the Empress and her son, the future Henry II of England, but the consensus is now that IM.HE.MA represents IMPERATRIX HERES MATHILDIS – Maud the Empress Heir (to the Kingdom).  This reverse type is incredibly rare being, unlike some of the Watford types, 100% unambiguously Matilda.  There is one full example of the EMC database (devoid of any legend whatsoever, obverse or reverse) and a cracked cut half.  The Coed-y-Wenalt Hoard was small but it trebled the known Matilda coins overnight.  The coins in this particular hoard were struck from silver that was brittle and as a result, most coins were found damaged.  Cardiff Museum repaired (and obviously recorded) this and all the coins but they did it as a museum should do it – making the repair as obvious as they could.  There are skilled repairers of coins in business these days who could take this coin and make it so much better.  Needless to say they wouldn’t be using museum glue!  With the rare reverse, the nearly full reverse legend, the impressive obverse portrait and the start of the unique obverse legend, this coin would be well over £10,000 in today’s market place if it were complete.  SOLD