Charles I (1625 - 49) Read about Charles I

 

 

Civil War "Besieged" (Siege Coins) Issues

 

WCA-6419:  1648 Charles 1st “Pontefract Besieged” Silver Shilling.  Emergency coinage made from silver plates from Pontefract Castle and nearby which were cut and stamped.  Many of these siege coins were pierced and worn around the neck, possibly as a sign of one’s loyalty to the crown.  This coin has not been pierced or plugged.  Pontefract was a strategic Royalist stronghold.  It was first besieged in December 1644 with Lord Thomas Fairfax in command (although he arrived early 1645).  Pontefract was again seized during the Second English Civil War (the first being 1642-46 and not the Stephen & Matilda civil war of 500 years earlier), this time by Colonel John Morrice who declared it for Charles 1st.  It was during this siege that coinage was struck.  It is interesting to note that Pontefract and Scarborough were the very last castles to hold out for the king.  This coin is ex CNG where it sold for well over $5,000 in 2012, ex Ian Gordon collection, ex Philip deVicci collection and ex CNG (Sept 2000).  Sold with the 2012 CNG lot ticket and an extract from that catalogue (which is very detailed and most interesting) together with another unidentified printed auction / list entry.  £3,495

 

 

 

"Declaration" Issues

 

Crowns

 

WJC-5744:  1642 Charles 1st “Declaration” Full Crown.  Shrewsbury provincial Civil War mint.  Initial mark Pellets.  With ground line.  Good provenance (see here) – tickets included.  £3,250 VF price in 2013 Spink.  Problem-free coin with strong provenance.  £2,250

 

 

Half Crowns

 

WJC-5707:  1643 Charles 1st “Declaration” Half Crown.  Oxford mint.  Briot’s horseman type, no pellets by OX and initial mark rose.  Unrecorded in Brooker.  £675

 

WJC-4567:  1643 Charles 1st “Declaration” Half Crown.  Oxford mint.  Briot’s horseman type with the usual CAROLLVS error.  A notoriously poor issue in terms of clipping and grade – this one slightly better than the Brooker die pair.  Original old sale’s ticket.  Ex Alan Morris.  £655

 

WJC-6318:  1644-45 Charles 1st “Declaration” Half Crown.  Worcester mint with W below horseman.  Unrecorded reverse.  Sold with original 1997 Roderick Richardson sale’s tickets (sold for £4,750) here.  Spink 3096.  VF or good VF in grade, being far superior to the Spink plate example (see close-ups here - notably the reverse crown).  £3,850

 

 

Shillings

 

WJC-6550:  1644 Charles 1st “Declaration” Shilling.  Oxford provincial mint date in script.  Spink 2975A.  A nice grade, seldom seen denomination in this Declaration issue.  £795

 

 

Sixpences

 

WJC-5781:  1644 Charles 1st “Declaration” Sixpence.  Exeter provincial mint with the large Rose as the initial mark.  Rarer smaller letters variety which were also used on the groat.  Unusually full of flan and in considerably better grade than normally seen.  A rare Charles 1st Civil War sixpence.  £579

 

 

Threepences

 

WJC-6048:  1644 Charles 1st Hammered Silver “Declaration” Threepence.  Civil war - Oxford mint.  Clear detail.  A denomination which rarely turns up and when it does, there are nearly always problems.  Not creased and with very strong detail.  Initial mark is three Lis over the declaration.  Spink 2994.  A very nice coin.  £425

 

 

 

"Standard" Issues

 

Crowns

 

WJC-6492:  1644 Charles 1st Late Civil War Full Crown.  Exeter provincial Civil War mint.  Initial mark Rose.  No ground line.  Spink 3057.  Very nice grade indeed.  £1,350

 

 

Half  Crowns

 

WJC-6518:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Half Crown.  Tower mint under king, i.m. Cross Calvary, 1625 – 1626.  Group I, type 1a3.  Spink 2766.  Ex Osborn collection with original very old ticket.  £395

 

WJC-5690:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Half Crown.  Tower mint under king, i.m. portcullis, 1633 – 1634.  Group II, type 2c.  High grade coin for issue (they were rarely well struck), ex 2009 Bedale Hoard.  £295

 

WJC-6402:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Late Civil War Half Crown.  Tower mint under Parliament, i.m. eye, 1645.  Group III (3a3).  Spink 2778.  From the famous Middleham Hoard of 1993.  £165

 

WJC-6468:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Late Civil War Half Crown.  Tower mint under Parliament, i.m. sun, 1645-46.  Group III (3a3).  Spink 2778.  A handsome coin that was slightly double struck.  £165

 

WJC-6482:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Late Civil War Half Crown.  Tower mint under Parliament, i.m. sun, 1645-46.  Group III (3a3).  Spink 2778.  Toned and about as struck.  £185

 

 

Shillings

 

WJC-3558:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Civil War issue – Tower mint under Parliament.  Class 4(4), var.  i.m. sun, 1645-46.  £139

 

WJC-6465:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Civil War issue – Tower mint under Parliament.  Class 4.5 var.  with the rare i.m. sun over eye, 1645-46.  A very late reign silver shilling struck in troubled times at the Tower mint under Parliament, ie Cromwell.  The Sun over Eye initial mark is recorded in Brooker (single example, this one better).  £189

 

WJC-6466:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Shilling.  Tower mint under Parliament.  Class 3a.  i.m. Tun, 1636-38.  Attractive toning and very little wear – worn or ineffective obverse die.  Spink 2791.  £98

 

 

Sixpences

 

WJC-3285:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Tower mint, im portcullis (1633-34).  Class 3.  Good grade with interesting contemporary die flaw still very much evident.  £125

 

WJC-6430:  1626 Charles 1st Hammered Silver Sixpence.  Tower mint under king, im cross calvary.  Group B class 1a1.  Ex Seaby (1963) and sold with an old ticket.  Spink 2807.  £365

 

 

Half Groats

 

WJC-3713:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver OXFORD Half Groat.  Large Oxford plume (rev), i.m. cross.  Very good grade and rare.  Reported to be better grade than several major collection examples and certainly better than the Brooker (#965) example (theirs pierced, plugged & just not nice).  Coincraft state, “Both Oxford (halfgroat) issues are rare; often found holed or damaged, they are rarely available in VF”.  £280

 

WJC-4796:  Charles 1st Hammered Silver ABERYSTWYTH Half Groat.  Large plume (rev), left facing bust of Charles, i.m. book.  A very different coin from the regular half groat issues.  Rare.  £199

 

WJC-6374:  Very Late Charles 1st Civil War Hammered Silver Half Groat.  Initial mark (R) so 1644-45.  Group 3a3 under Parliament with inner circle both sides – Spink 2833.  Very nice grade.  £65 RESERVED

 

 

 

"Other"

 

WJC-6122:  1625 Dated Charles 1st Silver Medal.  A silver medal commemorating the marriage of Charles 1st to Henrietta Maria of France.  Eimer 105a, Medallic Illustration 238/1.  One of the earliest British silver medals generally available.  £135

 

WJC-6056:  1630 Dated Charles 1st Silver Medal.  A silver medal commemorating the birth of the future king, Charles II.  Whilst fascinating because the medal covers the period of two very interesting and controversial British monarchs, it has to be said that the overall design is probably one of the most uninspiring and dreary of all the Charles 1st AND Charles II medals combined.  Eimer 117a, Medallic Illustration 255/38.  Apart from the 1625 Charles 1st marriage medals (which are smaller), this is one of the earliest British silver medals generally available.  Aesthetics aside, a desirable piece.  £165

 

WCom-5932:  1642 English Civil War Silver Medal.  A military reward from the 3rd Earl of Essex, Robert Devereaux (Oliver Cromwell’s Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Parliamentary army) to an actual soldier in the Cromwellian army.  Silver, cast & chased, 30x22mm.  Listed in Medallic Illustration (M.I.298/117, pt. 1) as Rare.  See here.  The Civil War was a particularly unpleasant period in British history.  Tensions were extremely high between not just the Charles 1st and the Cromwell combatants, but in fact every citizen of the land.  Loyalty to either the Parliamentarians or the Royalists ran deep, suspicion was everywhere and normal, everyday people were actually scared (with good reason) to show loyalty in case the other person was in the opposite camp.  This medal is a tangible link with the Civil War, being not just a generic propaganda or supporters’ medal, but an actual medal given by the 3rd Earl of Essex, Robert Devereaux, with Cromwell’s blessing, to a real soldier who fought in the campaign.  See Commonwealth section.

 

WJC-6075:  1640’s Charles 1st Military Reward Badge – Delightfully Crude.  “GOD BLES THE KING” with reversed D and N, single S for BLESS and ligated HE on THE.  The obverse depicts Charles 1st, crowned & robed, facing right, again in very crude style.  Medallic Illustration 367/251 and listed there as Extremely Rare.  M.I. state that this was,”… a Military Reward in some beleaguered place where no artist could be found”.  It would be interesting to research where exactly that place was in the UK.  Ex Baldwin’s 2010, ex Glendinnings 1989.  Sold with a pictorial sales catalogue cutting.  £695

 

WJC-6133:  Charles 1st Official Coin Weight for Gold Double Crown.  Portrait piece with an interesting adjustment mark to the obverse due to the weight being initially slightly too high.  £65

 

WJC-6580:  1640 Dated Charles 1st Silver Pattern Halfgroat by Briot.  A pivotal year in the reign: Charles was losing against the Scottish.  The Battle of Newburn Ford resulted in Newcastle being taken by the Scots.  Charles 1st agreed to pay the invaders along the lines of Danegeld.  To raise the necessary funds Charles had to call the Long Parliament, thus setting in motion a process that would lead to the outbreak of the English Civil War two years later.  This coin was designed with the Scottish in mind – the thistle below the crown.  North 2688 where it’s listed as Rare.  Ex Baldwin’s (2010).  Old tickets here.  Reported as pierced and plugged.  A very interesting coin.  £495

 

 

Copper

 

Richmond Farthing

 

WJC-4934:  Charles 1st Richmond Farthing.  Circa 1625 - 1649.  type 2, i.m. crescent.  £25

 

 

Matraver’s Farthing

 

WJC-4237:  Charles 1st Hammered Maltravers Farthing.  Initial mark tun.  Interesting legend (see image).  £34

 

 

Rose Farthing

 

WJC-5004:  Charles 1st Rose Farthing.  High grade example.  Initial mark mullet.  £39